QML:Qt Element Reference

The QML global Qt object provides useful enums and functions from Qt.

Detailed Description

The QML global Qt object provides useful enums and functions from Qt.

The Qt object provides useful enums and functions from Qt, for use in all QML files.

The Qt object is a global object with utility functions, properties and enums.

It is not instantiable; to use it, call the members of the global Qt object directly. For example:

  1. import QtQuick 1.0
  2.  
  3. Text  {
  4.     color: Qt.rgba(1, 0, 0, 1)
  5.     text: Qt.md5("hello, world")
  6. }

Enums

The Qt object contains the enums available in the Qt Namespace. For example, you can access the Qt::LeftButton and Qt::RightButton enum values as Qt.LeftButton and Qt.RightButton.

Types

The Qt object also contains helper functions for creating objects of specific data types. This is primarily useful when setting the properties of an item when the property has one of the following types:

There are also string based constructors for these types. See QML Basic Types for more information.

Date/Time Formatters

The Qt object contains several functions for formatting QDateTime, QDate and QTime values.

The format specification is described at Qt.formatDateTime.

Dynamic Object Creation

The following functions on the global object allow you to dynamically create QML items from files or strings. See Dynamic Object Management in QML for an overview of their use.

Property Documentation

  • application : object

The application object provides access to global application state properties shared by many QML components.

Its properties are:

application.activeThis read-only property indicates whether the application is the top-most and focused application, and the user is able to interact with the application. The property is false when the application is in the background, the device keylock or screen saver is active, the screen backlight is turned off, or the global system dialog is being displayed on top of the application. It can be used for stopping and pausing animations, timers and active processing of data in order to save device battery power and free device memory and processor load when the application is not active.
application.layoutDirectionThis read-only property can be used to query the default layout direction of the application. On system start-up, the default layout direction depends on the application's language. The property has a value of Qt.RightToLeft in locales where text and graphic elements are read from right to left, and Qt.LeftToRight where the reading direction flows from left to right. You can bind to this property to customize your application layouts to support both layout directions.

Possible values are:

  • Qt.LeftToRight - Text and graphics elements should be positioned from left to right.
  • Qt.RightToLeft - Text and graphics elements should be positioned from right to left.

The following example uses the application object to indicate whether the application is currently active:

  1. import QtQuick 1.1
  2.  
  3. Rectangle  {
  4.     width: 300; height: 55
  5.     color: Qt.application.active ? "white" : "lightgray"
  6.     Text  {
  7.         text: "Application " + (Qt.application.active ? "active" : "inactive")
  8.         opacity: Qt.application.active ? 1.0 : 0.5
  9.         anchors.centerIn: parent
  10.     }
  11. }

This property group was introduced in QtQuick 1.1.

Method Documentation

ASCII to binary - this function returns a base64 decoding of data.

Binary to ASCII - this function returns a base64 encoding of data.

  • object Qt::createComponent ( url )

Returns a Component object created using the QML file at the specified url, or null if an empty string was given.

The returned component's Component::status property indicates whether the component was successfully created. If the status is Component.Error, see Component::errorString() for an error description.

Call Component.createObject() on the returned component to create an object instance of the component.

For example:

  1. import QtQuick 1.0
  2.  
  3. Item  {
  4.     id: container
  5.     width: 300; height: 300
  6.  
  7.     function loadButton()  {
  8.         var component = Qt.createComponent("Button.qml");
  9.         if (component.status == Component.Ready)  {
  10.             var button = component.createObject(container);
  11.             button.color = "red";
  12.         }
  13.     }
  14.  
  15.     Component.onCompleted: loadButton()
  16. }

See Dynamic Object Management in QML for more information on using this function.

To create a QML object from an arbitrary string of QML (instead of a file), use Qt.createQmlObject().

  • object Qt::createQmlObject ( string qml, object parent, string filepath )

Returns a new object created from the given string of QML which will have the specified parent, or null if there was an error in creating the object.

If filepath is specified, it will be used for error reporting for the created object.

Example (where parentItem is the id of an existing QML item):

  1. var newObject = Qt.createQmlObject('import QtQuick 1.0; Rectangle  {color: "red"; width: 20; height: 20}',
  2.     parentItem, "dynamicSnippet1");

In the case of an error, a QtScript Error object is thrown. This object has an additional property, qmlErrors, which is an array of the errors encountered. Each object in this array has the members lineNumber, columnNumber, fileName and message.

Note that this function returns immediately, and therefore may not work if the qml string loads new components (that is, external QML files that have not yet been loaded). If this is the case, consider using Qt.createComponent() instead.

See Dynamic Object Management in QML for more information on using this function.

Returns a color darker than baseColor by the factor provided.

If the factor is greater than 1.0, this function returns a darker color. Setting factor to 3.0 returns a color that has one-third the brightness. If the factor is less than 1.0, the return color is lighter, but we recommend using the Qt.lighter() function for this purpose. If the factor is 0 or negative, the return value is unspecified.

The function converts the current RGB color to HSV, divides the value (V) component by factor and converts the color back to RGB.

If factor is not supplied, returns a color 50% darker than baseColor (factor 2.0).

Returns a list of the font families available to the application.

Returns a string representation of date, optionally formatted according to format.

The date parameter may be a JavaScript Date object, a date property, a QDate, or QDateTime value. The format parameter may be any of the possible format values as described for Qt.formatDateTime().

If format is not specified, date is formatted using Qt.DefaultLocaleShortDate.

  • string Qt::formatDateTime ( datetime dateTime, variant format )

Returns a string representation of datetime, optionally formatted according to format.

The date parameter may be a JavaScript Date object, a date property, a QDate, QTime, or QDateTime value.

If format is not provided, dateTime is formatted using Qt.DefaultLocaleShortDate. Otherwise, format should be either.

  • One of the Qt::DateFormat enumeration values, such as Qt.DefaultLocaleShortDate or Qt.ISODate
  • A string that specifies the format of the returned string, as detailed below.

If format specifies a format string, it should use the following expressions to specify the date:

ExpressionOutput
dthe day as number without a leading zero (1 to 31)
ddthe day as number with a leading zero (01 to 31)
dddthe abbreviated localized day name (e.g. 'Mon' to 'Sun'). Uses QDate::shortDayName().
ddddthe long localized day name (e.g. 'Monday' to 'Qt::Sunday'). Uses QDate::longDayName().
Mthe month as number without a leading zero (1-12)
MMthe month as number with a leading zero (01-12)
MMMthe abbreviated localized month name (e.g. 'Jan' to 'Dec'). Uses QDate::shortMonthName().
MMMMthe long localized month name (e.g. 'January' to 'December'). Uses QDate::longMonthName().
yythe year as two digit number (00-99)
yyyythe year as four digit number

In addition the following expressions can be used to specify the time:

ExpressionOutput
hthe hour without a leading zero (0 to 23 or 1 to 12 if AM/PM display)
hhthe hour with a leading zero (00 to 23 or 01 to 12 if AM/PM display)
mthe minute without a leading zero (0 to 59)
mmthe minute with a leading zero (00 to 59)
sthe second without a leading zero (0 to 59)
ssthe second with a leading zero (00 to 59)
zthe milliseconds without leading zeroes (0 to 999)
zzzthe milliseconds with leading zeroes (000 to 999)
APuse AM/PM display. AP will be replaced by either "AM" or "PM".
apuse am/pm display. ap will be replaced by either "am" or "pm".

All other input characters will be ignored. Any sequence of characters that are enclosed in single quotes will be treated as text and not be used as an expression. Two consecutive single quotes ("''") are replaced by a single quote in the output.

For example, if the following date/time value was specified:

  1. // 21 May 2001 14:13:09
  2. var dateTime = new Date(2001, 5, 21, 14, 13, 09)

This dateTime value could be passed to Qt.formatDateTime(), Qt.formatDate() or Qt.formatTime() with the format values below to produce the following results:

FormatResult
"dd.MM.yyyy"21.05.2001
"ddd MMMM d yy"Tue May 21 01
"hh:mm:ss.zzz"14:13:09.042
"h:m:s ap"2:13:9 pm

Returns a string representation of time, optionally formatted according to format.

The time parameter may be a JavaScript Date object, a QTime, or QDateTime value. The format parameter may be any of the possible format values as described for Qt.formatDateTime().

If format is not specified, time is formatted using Qt.DefaultLocaleShortDate.

Returns a color with the specified hue, saturation, lightness and alpha components. All components should be in the range 0-1 inclusive.

  • object Qt::include ( string url, jsobject callback )

Includes another JavaScript file. This method can only be used from within JavaScript files, and not regular QML files.

This imports all functions from url into the current script's namespace.

Qt.include() returns an object that describes the status of the operation. The object has a single property, status, that is set to one of the following values:

SymbolValueDescription
result.OK0The include completed successfully.
result.LOADING1Data is being loaded from the network.
result.NETWORK_ERROR2A network error occurred while fetching the url.
result.EXCEPTION3A JavaScript exception occurred while executing the included code. An additional exception property will be set in this case.

The status property will be updated as the operation progresses.

If provided, callback is invoked when the operation completes. The callback is passed the same object as is returned from the Qt.include() call.

  • bool Qt::isQtObject ( object )

Returns true if object is a valid reference to a Qt or QML object, otherwise false.

Returns a color lighter than baseColor by the factor provided.

If the factor is greater than 1.0, this functions returns a lighter color. Setting factor to 1.5 returns a color that is 50% brighter. If the factor is less than 1.0, the return color is darker, but we recommend using the Qt.darker() function for this purpose. If the factor is 0 or negative, the return value is unspecified.

The function converts the current RGB color to HSV, multiplies the value (V) component by factor and converts the color back to RGB.

If factor is not supplied, returns a color 50% lighter than baseColor (factor 1.5).

Returns a hex string of the md5 hash of data.

  • bool Qt::openUrlExternally ( url target )

Attempts to open the specified target url in an external application, based on the user's desktop preferences. Returns true if it succeeds, and false otherwise.

Returns a Point with the specified x and y coordinates.

  • Qt::quit ()

This function causes the QDeclarativeEngine::quit() signal to be emitted. Within the QML Viewer, this causes the launcher application to exit; to quit a C++ application when this method is called, connect the QDeclarativeEngine::quit() signal to the QCoreApplication::quit() slot.

Returns a rect with the top-left corner at x, y and the specified width and height.

The returned object has x, y, width and height attributes with the given values.

  • url Qt::resolvedUrl ( url url )

Returns url resolved relative to the URL of the caller.

Returns a color with the specified red, green, blue and alpha components. All components should be in the range 0-1 inclusive.

  • Qt::size ( int width, int height )

Returns a Size with the specified width and height.

This function allows tinting one color with another.

The tint color should usually be mostly transparent, or you will not be able to see the underlying color. The below example provides a slight red tint by having the tint color be pure red which is only 1/16th opaque.

  1.                 Item  {
  2.     Rectangle  {
  3.         x: 0; width: 80; height: 80
  4.         color: "lightsteelblue"
  5.     }
  6.     Rectangle  {
  7.         x: 100; width: 80; height: 80
  8.         color: Qt.tint("lightsteelblue", "#10FF0000")
  9.     }
  10. }

Tint is most useful when a subtle change is intended to be conveyed due to some event; you can then use tinting to more effectively tune the visible color.

Returns a Vector3D with the specified x, y and z.

Notes provided by the Qt Community

No notes