QLocalSocket Class Reference

The QLocalSocket class provides a local socket.

  1. #include <QLocalSocket>

Inherits: QIODevice.

This class was introduced in Qt 4.4.

Detailed Description

The QLocalSocket class provides a local socket.

On Windows this is a named pipe and on Unix this is a local domain socket.

If an error occurs, socketError() returns the type of error, and errorString() can be called to get a human readable description of what happened.

Although QLocalSocket is designed for use with an event loop, it's possible to use it without one. In that case, you must use waitForConnected(), waitForReadyRead(), waitForBytesWritten(), and waitForDisconnected() which blocks until the operation is complete or the timeout expires.

Note that this feature is not supported on versions of Windows earlier than Windows XP.

See also QLocalServer.

Public Types

Toggle detailsenum QLocalSocket::

LocalSocketErrorLocalSocketError { ConnectionRefusedError , PeerClosedError , ServerNotFoundError , SocketAccessError , SocketResourceError , SocketTimeoutError , DatagramTooLargeError , ConnectionError , UnsupportedSocketOperationError , UnknownSocketError QAbstractSocket::UnknownSocketError ...} { ConnectionRefusedError , PeerClosedError , ServerNotFoundError , SocketAccessError , SocketResourceError , SocketTimeoutError , DatagramTooLargeError , ConnectionError , UnsupportedSocketOperationError , UnknownSocketError QAbstractSocket::UnknownSocketError }

The LocalServerError enumeration represents the errors that can occur. The most recent error can be retrieved through a call to QLocalSocket::error().

ConstantValueDescription
QLocalSocket::ConnectionRefusedError QAbstractSocket::ConnectionRefusedError The connection was refused by the peer (or timed out).
QLocalSocket::PeerClosedError QAbstractSocket::RemoteHostClosedError The remote socket closed the connection. Note that the client socket (i.e., this socket) will be closed after the remote close notification has been sent.
QLocalSocket::ServerNotFoundError QAbstractSocket::HostNotFoundError The local socket name was not found.
QLocalSocket::SocketAccessError QAbstractSocket::SocketAccessError The socket operation failed because the application lacked the required privileges.
QLocalSocket::SocketResourceError QAbstractSocket::SocketResourceError The local system ran out of resources (e.g., too many sockets).
QLocalSocket::SocketTimeoutError QAbstractSocket::SocketTimeoutError The socket operation timed out.
QLocalSocket::DatagramTooLargeError QAbstractSocket::DatagramTooLargeError The datagram was larger than the operating system's limit (which can be as low as 8192 bytes).
QLocalSocket::ConnectionError QAbstractSocket::NetworkError An error occurred with the connection.
QLocalSocket::UnsupportedSocketOperationError QAbstractSocket::UnsupportedSocketOperationError The requested socket operation is not supported by the local operating system.
QLocalSocket::UnknownSocketError QAbstractSocket::UnknownSocketError An unidentified error occurred.

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Toggle detailsenum QLocalSocket::

LocalSocketStateLocalSocketState { UnconnectedState , ConnectingState , ConnectedState , ClosingState QAbstractSocket::ClosingState ...} { UnconnectedState , ConnectingState , ConnectedState , ClosingState QAbstractSocket::ClosingState }

This enum describes the different states in which a socket can be.

ConstantValueDescription
QLocalSocket::UnconnectedState QAbstractSocket::UnconnectedState The socket is not connected.
QLocalSocket::ConnectingState QAbstractSocket::ConnectingState The socket has started establishing a connection.
QLocalSocket::ConnectedState QAbstractSocket::ConnectedState A connection is established.
QLocalSocket::ClosingState QAbstractSocket::ClosingState The socket is about to close (data may still be waiting to be written).

See also QLocalSocket::state().

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    Public Functions

    Toggle details QLocalSocket

    QLocalSocketQLocalSocket ( QObject *parent=0 ) ( QObject *parent=0 )

    Creates a new local socket. The parent argument is passed to QObject's constructor.

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    Toggle details QLocalSocket

    ~QLocalSocket~QLocalSocket () ()

    Destroys the socket, closing the connection if necessary.

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    Toggle details void QLocalSocket

    abortabort () ()

    Aborts the current connection and resets the socket. Unlike disconnectFromServer(), this function immediately closes the socket, clearing any pending data in the write buffer.

    See also disconnectFromServer() and close().

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    Toggle details qint64 QLocalSocket

    bytesAvailablebytesAvailable () ()const [virtual]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::bytesAvailable().

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    Toggle details qint64 QLocalSocket

    bytesToWritebytesToWrite () ()const [virtual]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::bytesToWrite().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    canReadLinecanReadLine () ()const [virtual]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::canReadLine().

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    Toggle details void QLocalSocket

    closeclose () () [virtual]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::close().

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    Toggle details void QLocalSocket

    connectToServerconnectToServer ( const QString &name , OpenMode openMode=ReadWrite ...) ( const QString &name , OpenMode openMode=ReadWrite )

    Attempts to make a connection to name.

    The socket is opened in the given openMode and first enters ConnectingState. It then attempts to connect to the address or addresses returned by the lookup. Finally, if a connection is established, QLocalSocket enters ConnectedState and emits connected().

    At any point, the socket can emit error() to signal that an error occurred.

    See also state(), serverName(), and waitForConnected().

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    Toggle details void QLocalSocket

    disconnectFromServerdisconnectFromServer () ()

    Attempts to close the socket. If there is pending data waiting to be written, QLocalSocket will enter ClosingState and wait until all data has been written. Eventually, it will enter UnconnectedState and emit the disconnectedFromServer() signal.

    See also connectToServer().

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    Toggle details LocalSocketError QLocalSocket

    errorerror () ()const

    Returns the type of error that last occurred.

    See also state() and errorString().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    flushflush () ()

    This function writes as much as possible from the internal write buffer to the socket, without blocking. If any data was written, this function returns true; otherwise false is returned.

    Call this function if you need QLocalSocket to start sending buffered data immediately. The number of bytes successfully written depends on the operating system. In most cases, you do not need to call this function, because QLocalSocket will start sending data automatically once control goes back to the event loop. In the absence of an event loop, call waitForBytesWritten() instead.

    See also write() and waitForBytesWritten().

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    Toggle details QString QLocalSocket

    fullServerNamefullServerName () ()const

    Returns the server path that the socket is connected to.

    Note: The return value of this function is platform specific.

    See also connectToServer() and serverName().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    isSequentialisSequential () ()const [virtual]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::isSequential().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    isValidisValid () ()const

    Returns true if the socket is valid and ready for use; otherwise returns false.

    Note: The socket's state must be ConnectedState before reading and writing can occur.

    See also state() and connectToServer().

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    Toggle details qint64 QLocalSocket

    readBufferSizereadBufferSize () ()const

    Returns the size of the internal read buffer. This limits the amount of data that the client can receive before you call read() or readAll(). A read buffer size of 0 (the default) means that the buffer has no size limit, ensuring that no data is lost.

    See also setReadBufferSize() and read().

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    Toggle details qint64 QLocalSocket

    readDatareadData ( char *data , qint64 c ) ( char *data , qint64 c ) [virtual protected]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::readData().

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    Toggle details QString QLocalSocket

    serverNameserverName () ()const

    Returns the name of the peer as specified by connectToServer(), or an empty QString if connectToServer() has not been called or it failed.

    See also connectToServer() and fullServerName().

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    Toggle details void QLocalSocket

    setReadBufferSizesetReadBufferSize ( qint64 size ) ( qint64 size )

    Sets the size of QLocalSocket's internal read buffer to be size bytes.

    If the buffer size is limited to a certain size, QLocalSocket won't buffer more than this size of data. Exceptionally, a buffer size of 0 means that the read buffer is unlimited and all incoming data is buffered. This is the default.

    This option is useful if you only read the data at certain points in time (e.g., in a real-time streaming application) or if you want to protect your socket against receiving too much data, which may eventually cause your application to run out of memory.

    See also readBufferSize() and read().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    setSocketDescriptorsetSocketDescriptor ( quintptr socketDescriptor , LocalSocketState socketState=ConnectedState , OpenMode openMode=ReadWrite ...) ( quintptr socketDescriptor , LocalSocketState socketState=ConnectedState , OpenMode openMode=ReadWrite )

    Initializes QLocalSocket with the native socket descriptor socketDescriptor. Returns true if socketDescriptor is accepted as a valid socket descriptor; otherwise returns false. The socket is opened in the mode specified by openMode, and enters the socket state specified by socketState.

    Note: It is not possible to initialize two local sockets with the same native socket descriptor.

    See also socketDescriptor(), state(), and openMode().

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    Toggle details quintptr QLocalSocket

    socketDescriptorsocketDescriptor () ()const

    Returns the native socket descriptor of the QLocalSocket object if this is available; otherwise returns -1.

    The socket descriptor is not available when QLocalSocket is in UnconnectedState.

    See also setSocketDescriptor().

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    Toggle details LocalSocketState QLocalSocket

    statestate () ()const

    Returns the state of the socket.

    See also error().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    waitForBytesWrittenwaitForBytesWritten ( int msecs=30000 ) ( int msecs=30000 ) [virtual]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::waitForBytesWritten().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    waitForConnectedwaitForConnected ( int msecs=30000 ) ( int msecs=30000 )

    Waits until the socket is connected, up to msecs milliseconds. If the connection has been established, this function returns true; otherwise it returns false. In the case where it returns false, you can call error() to determine the cause of the error.

    The following example waits up to one second for a connection to be established:

    1. socket->connectToServer("market");
    2. if (socket->waitForConnected(1000))
    3.     qDebug("Connected!");

    If msecs is -1, this function will not time out.

    See also connectToServer() and connected().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    waitForDisconnectedwaitForDisconnected ( int msecs=30000 ) ( int msecs=30000 )

    Waits until the socket has disconnected, up to msecs milliseconds. If the connection has been disconnected, this function returns true; otherwise it returns false. In the case where it returns false, you can call error() to determine the cause of the error.

    The following example waits up to one second for a connection to be closed:

    1. socket->disconnectFromServer();
    2. if (socket->waitForDisconnected(1000))
    3.     qDebug("Disconnected!");

    If msecs is -1, this function will not time out.

    See also disconnectFromServer() and close().

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    Toggle details bool QLocalSocket

    waitForReadyReadwaitForReadyRead ( int msecs=30000 ) ( int msecs=30000 ) [virtual]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::waitForReadyRead().

    This function blocks until data is available for reading and the readyRead() signal has been emitted. The function will timeout after msecs milliseconds; the default timeout is 30000 milliseconds.

    The function returns true if data is available for reading; otherwise it returns false (if an error occurred or the operation timed out).

    See also waitForBytesWritten().

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    Toggle details qint64 QLocalSocket

    writeDatawriteData ( const char *data , qint64 c ) ( const char *data , qint64 c ) [virtual protected]

    Reimplemented from QIODevice::writeData().

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      Signals

      Toggle details void QLocalSocket

      connectedconnected () () [signal]

      This signal is emitted after connectToServer() has been called and a connection has been successfully established.

      See also connectToServer() and disconnected().

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      Toggle details void QLocalSocket

      disconnecteddisconnected () () [signal]

      This signal is emitted when the socket has been disconnected.

      See also connectToServer(), disconnectFromServer(), abort(), and connected().

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      Toggle details void QLocalSocket

      errorerror ( QLocalSocket::LocalSocketError socketError ...) ( QLocalSocket::LocalSocketError socketError ) [signal]

      This signal is emitted after an error occurred. The socketError parameter describes the type of error that occurred.

      QLocalSocket::LocalSocketError is not a registered metatype, so for queued connections, you will have to register it with Q_DECLARE_METATYPE() and qRegisterMetaType().

      See also error(), errorString(), and Creating Custom Qt Types.

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      Toggle details void QLocalSocket

      stateChangedstateChanged ( QLocalSocket::LocalSocketState socketState ...) ( QLocalSocket::LocalSocketState socketState ) [signal]

      This signal is emitted whenever QLocalSocket's state changes. The socketState parameter is the new state.

      QLocalSocket::SocketState is not a registered metatype, so for queued connections, you will have to register it with Q_DECLARE_METATYPE() and qRegisterMetaType().

      See also state() and Creating Custom Qt Types.

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