QDialog Class Reference

The QDialog class is the base class of dialog windows.

  1. #include <QDialog>

Inherits: QWidget.

Inherited by: Q3FileDialog, Q3ProgressDialog, Q3TabDialog, Q3Wizard, QAbstractPrintDialog, QColorDialog, QErrorMessage, QFileDialog, QFontDialog, QInputDialog, QMessageBox, QPageSetupDialog, QPrintPreviewDialog, QProgressDialog, and QWizard.

Detailed Description

The QDialog class is the base class of dialog windows.

A dialog window is a top-level window mostly used for short-term tasks and brief communications with the user. QDialogs may be modal or modeless. QDialogs can provide a return value, and they can have default buttons. QDialogs can also have a QSizeGrip in their lower-right corner, using setSizeGripEnabled().

Note that QDialog (an any other widget that has type Qt::Dialog) uses the parent widget slightly differently from other classes in Qt. A dialog is always a top-level widget, but if it has a parent, its default location is centered on top of the parent's top-level widget (if it is not top-level itself). It will also share the parent's taskbar entry.

Use the overload of the QWidget::setParent() function to change the ownership of a QDialog widget. This function allows you to explicitly set the window flags of the reparented widget; using the overloaded function will clear the window flags specifying the window-system properties for the widget (in particular it will reset the Qt::Dialog flag).

Modal Dialogs

A modal dialog is a dialog that blocks input to other visible windows in the same application. Dialogs that are used to request a file name from the user or that are used to set application preferences are usually modal. Dialogs can be application modal (the default) or window modal.

When an application modal dialog is opened, the user must finish interacting with the dialog and close it before they can access any other window in the application. Window modal dialogs only block access to the window associated with the dialog, allowing the user to continue to use other windows in an application.

The most common way to display a modal dialog is to call its exec() function. When the user closes the dialog, exec() will provide a useful return value. Typically, to get the dialog to close and return the appropriate value, we connect a default button, e.g. OK, to the accept() slot and a Cancel button to the reject() slot. Alternatively you can call the done() slot with Accepted or Rejected.

An alternative is to call setModal(true) or setWindowModality(), then show(). Unlike exec(), show() returns control to the caller immediately. Calling setModal(true) is especially useful for progress dialogs, where the user must have the ability to interact with the dialog, e.g. to cancel a long running operation. If you use show() and setModal(true) together to perform a long operation, you must call QApplication::processEvents() periodically during processing to enable the user to interact with the dialog. (See QProgressDialog.)

Modeless Dialogs

A modeless dialog is a dialog that operates independently of other windows in the same application. Find and replace dialogs in word-processors are often modeless to allow the user to interact with both the application's main window and with the dialog.

Modeless dialogs are displayed using show(), which returns control to the caller immediately.

If you invoke the show() function after hiding a dialog, the dialog will be displayed in its original position. This is because the window manager decides the position for windows that have not been explicitly placed by the programmer. To preserve the position of a dialog that has been moved by the user, save its position in your closeEvent() handler and then move the dialog to that position, before showing it again.

Default Button

A dialog's default button is the button that's pressed when the user presses Enter (Return). This button is used to signify that the user accepts the dialog's settings and wants to close the dialog. Use QPushButton::setDefault(), QPushButton::isDefault() and QPushButton::autoDefault() to set and control the dialog's default button.

Escape Key

If the user presses the Esc key in a dialog, QDialog::reject() will be called. This will cause the window to close: The close event cannot be ignored.

Extensibility

Extensibility is the ability to show the dialog in two ways: a partial dialog that shows the most commonly used options, and a full dialog that shows all the options. Typically an extensible dialog will initially appear as a partial dialog, but with a More toggle button. If the user presses the More button down, the dialog is expanded. The Extension Example shows how to achieve extensible dialogs using Qt.

Return Value (Modal Dialogs)

Modal dialogs are often used in situations where a return value is required, e.g. to indicate whether the user pressed OK or Cancel. A dialog can be closed by calling the accept() or the reject() slots, and exec() will return Accepted or Rejected as appropriate. The exec() call returns the result of the dialog. The result is also available from result() if the dialog has not been destroyed.

In order to modify your dialog's close behavior, you can reimplement the functions accept(), reject() or done(). The closeEvent() function should only be reimplemented to preserve the dialog's position or to override the standard close or reject behavior.

Code Examples

A modal dialog:

  1. void EditorWindow::countWords()
  2.  {
  3.     WordCountDialog dialog(this);
  4.     dialog.setWordCount(document().wordCount());
  5.     dialog.exec();
  6. }

A modeless dialog:

  1. void EditorWindow::find()
  2.  {
  3.     if (!findDialog)  {
  4.         findDialog = new FindDialog(this);
  5.         connect(findDialog, SIGNAL(findNext()), this, SLOT(findNext()));
  6.     }
  7.  
  8.     findDialog->show();
  9.     findDialog->raise();
  10.     findDialog->activateWindow();
  11. }

See also QDialogButtonBox, QTabWidget, QWidget, QProgressDialog, GUI Design Handbook: Dialogs, Standard, Extension Example, and Standard Dialogs Example.

Public Types

Toggle detailsenum QDialog::

DialogCodeDialogCode { Rejected , Accepted 1 ...} { Rejected , Accepted 1 }

The value returned by a modal dialog.

ConstantValue
QDialog::Accepted 1
QDialog::Rejected 0

Look up this member in the source code.

    Properties

    Toggle detailsmodalmodal : bool

    This property holds whether show() should pop up the dialog as modal or modeless

    By default, this property is false and show() pops up the dialog as modeless. Setting his property to true is equivalent to setting QWidget::windowModality to Qt::ApplicationModal.

    exec() ignores the value of this property and always pops up the dialog as modal.

    See also QWidget::windowModality, show(), and exec().

    Access functions:

    Look up this member in the source code.

    Toggle detailssizeGripEnabledsizeGripEnabled : bool

    This property holds whether the size grip is enabled

    A QSizeGrip is placed in the bottom-right corner of the dialog when this property is enabled. By default, the size grip is disabled.

    Access functions:

    Look up this member in the source code.

      Public Functions

      Toggle details QDialog

      QDialogQDialog ( QWidget *parent=0 , Qt::WindowFlags f=0 ...) ( QWidget *parent=0 , Qt::WindowFlags f=0 )

      Constructs a dialog with parent parent.

      A dialog is always a top-level widget, but if it has a parent, its default location is centered on top of the parent. It will also share the parent's taskbar entry.

      The widget flags f are passed on to the QWidget constructor. If, for example, you don't want a What's This button in the title bar of the dialog, pass Qt::WindowTitleHint | Qt::WindowSystemMenuHint in f.

      See also QWidget::setWindowFlags().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details QDialog

      ~QDialog~QDialog () ()

      Destroys the QDialog, deleting all its children.

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      Toggle details void QDialog

      closeEventcloseEvent ( QCloseEvent *e ) ( QCloseEvent *e ) [virtual protected]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::closeEvent().

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      Toggle details void QDialog

      contextMenuEventcontextMenuEvent ( QContextMenuEvent *e ) ( QContextMenuEvent *e ) [virtual protected]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::contextMenuEvent().

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      Toggle details bool QDialog

      eventevent ( QEvent *e ) ( QEvent *e ) [virtual protected]

      Reimplemented from QObject::event().

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      Toggle details bool QDialog

      eventFiltereventFilter ( QObject *o , QEvent *e ) ( QObject *o , QEvent *e ) [virtual protected]

      Reimplemented from QObject::eventFilter().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      keyPressEventkeyPressEvent ( QKeyEvent *e ) ( QKeyEvent *e ) [virtual protected]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::keyPressEvent().

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      Toggle details QSize QDialog

      minimumSizeHintminimumSizeHint () ()const [virtual]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::minimumSizeHint().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      resizeEventresizeEvent ( QResizeEvent * ) ( QResizeEvent * ) [virtual protected]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::resizeEvent().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details int QDialog

      resultresult () ()const

      Returns the modal dialog's result code, Accepted or Rejected.

      Do not call this function if the dialog was constructed with the Qt::WA_DeleteOnClose attribute.

      See also setResult().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      setResultsetResult ( int i ) ( int i )

      Sets the modal dialog's result code to i.

      Note: We recommend that you use one of the values defined by QDialog::DialogCode.

      See also result().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      setVisiblesetVisible ( bool visible ) ( bool visible ) [virtual]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::setVisible().

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      Toggle details void QDialog

      showEventshowEvent ( QShowEvent *event ) ( QShowEvent *event ) [virtual protected]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::showEvent().

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      Toggle details QSize QDialog

      sizeHintsizeHint () ()const [virtual]

      Reimplemented from QWidget::sizeHint().

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      Toggle details QWidget * QDialog

      extensionextension () ()const Obsolete function

      Returns the dialog's extension or 0 if no extension has been defined.

      Instead of using this functionality, we recommend that you simply call show() or hide() on the part of the dialog that you want to use as an extension. See the Extension Example for details.

      See also setExtension(), showExtension(), and setOrientation().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details Qt::Orientation QDialog

      orientationorientation () ()const Obsolete function

      Returns the dialog's extension orientation.

      Instead of using this functionality, we recommend that you simply call show() or hide() on the part of the dialog that you want to use as an extension. See the Extension Example for details.

      See also setOrientation() and extension().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      setExtensionsetExtension ( QWidget *extension ) ( QWidget *extension ) Obsolete function

      Sets the widget, extension, to be the dialog's extension, deleting any previous extension. The dialog takes ownership of the extension. Note that if 0 is passed any existing extension will be deleted. This function must only be called while the dialog is hidden.

      Instead of using this functionality, we recommend that you simply call show() or hide() on the part of the dialog that you want to use as an extension. See the Extension Example for details.

      See also extension(), showExtension(), and setOrientation().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      setOrientationsetOrientation ( Qt::Orientation orientation ) ( Qt::Orientation orientation ) Obsolete function

      If orientation is Qt::Horizontal, the extension will be displayed to the right of the dialog's main area. If orientation is Qt::Vertical, the extension will be displayed below the dialog's main area.

      Instead of using this functionality, we recommend that you simply call show() or hide() on the part of the dialog that you want to use as an extension. See the Extension Example for details.

      See also orientation() and setExtension().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details QDialog

      QDialogQDialog ( QWidget *parent , const char *name , bool modal=false , Qt::WindowFlags f=0 ...) ( QWidget *parent , const char *name , bool modal=false , Qt::WindowFlags f=0 ) Qt3-support

      This is an overloaded function.

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Signals

      Toggle details void QDialog

      acceptedaccepted () () [signal]

      This signal is emitted when the dialog has been accepted either by the user or by calling accept() or done() with the QDialog::Accepted argument.

      Note that this signal is not emitted when hiding the dialog with hide() or setVisible(false). This includes deleting the dialog while it is visible.

      See also finished() and rejected().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      finishedfinished ( int result ) ( int result ) [signal]

      This signal is emitted when the dialog's result code has been set, either by the user or by calling done(), accept(), or reject().

      Note that this signal is not emitted when hiding the dialog with hide() or setVisible(false). This includes deleting the dialog while it is visible.

      See also accepted() and rejected().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      rejectedrejected () () [signal]

      This signal is emitted when the dialog has been rejected either by the user or by calling reject() or done() with the QDialog::Rejected argument.

      Note that this signal is not emitted when hiding the dialog with hide() or setVisible(false). This includes deleting the dialog while it is visible.

      See also finished() and accepted().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Public Slots

      Toggle details void QDialog

      acceptaccept () () [virtual] [slot]

      Hides the modal dialog and sets the result code to Accepted.

      See also reject() and done().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      donedone ( int r ) ( int r ) [virtual] [slot]

      Closes the dialog and sets its result code to r. If this dialog is shown with exec(), done() causes the local event loop to finish, and exec() to return r.

      As with QWidget::close(), done() deletes the dialog if the Qt::WA_DeleteOnClose flag is set. If the dialog is the application's main widget, the application terminates. If the dialog is the last window closed, the QApplication::lastWindowClosed() signal is emitted.

      See also accept(), reject(), QApplication::activeWindow(), and QApplication::quit().

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      Toggle details int QDialog

      execexec () () [slot]

      Shows the dialog as a modal dialog, blocking until the user closes it. The function returns a DialogCode result.

      If the dialog is application modal, users cannot interact with any other window in the same application until they close the dialog. If the dialog is window modal, only interaction with the parent window is blocked while the dialog is open. By default, the dialog is application modal.

      See also open(), show(), result(), and setWindowModality().

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      Toggle details void QDialog

      openopen () () [slot]

      Shows the dialog as a window modal dialog, returning immediately.

      See also exec(), show(), result(), and setWindowModality().

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      Toggle details void QDialog

      rejectreject () () [virtual] [slot]

      Hides the modal dialog and sets the result code to Rejected.

      See also accept() and done().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Toggle details void QDialog

      showExtensionshowExtension ( bool showIt ) ( bool showIt ) [slot] Obsolete function

      If showIt is true, the dialog's extension is shown; otherwise the extension is hidden.

      Instead of using this functionality, we recommend that you simply call show() or hide() on the part of the dialog that you want to use as an extension. See the Extension Example for details.

      See also show(), setExtension(), and setOrientation().

      Look up this member in the source code.

      Notes provided by the Qt Community
      Informative
      • 5

      Votes: 3

      Coverage: Qt library 4.7, 4.8, 5.0

      Picture of Hostel Hostel

      Lab Rat
      4 notes

      Fixed size QDialog

      In constructor you can write this:

      1.       layout()->setSizeConstraint( QLayout::SetFixedSize );

      Then you dialog will be fixed size.

      [Revisions]

      Informative
      • 4

      Votes: 4

      Coverage: Qt library 4.7, 4.8, 5.0

      Picture of Hostel Hostel

      Lab Rat
      4 notes

      Dialog window without close, minimize and maximize buttons on title bar

      In Linux with KDE this code make a window without an close and minimize and maximize buttons in title bar.

      1. setWindowFlags( Qt::Dialog | Qt::WindowTitleHint );

      [Revisions]