QTreeView Class Reference

The QTreeView class provides a default model/view implementation of a tree view. More...

 #include <QTreeView>

Inherits: QAbstractItemView.

Inherited by: QHelpContentWidget and QTreeWidget.

Properties

Public Functions

QTreeView ( QWidget * parent = 0 )
~QTreeView ()
bool allColumnsShowFocus () const
int autoExpandDelay () const
int columnAt ( int x ) const
int columnViewportPosition ( int column ) const
int columnWidth ( int column ) const
bool expandsOnDoubleClick () const
QHeaderView * header () const
int indentation () const
QModelIndex indexAbove ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
QModelIndex indexBelow ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
bool isAnimated () const
bool isColumnHidden ( int column ) const
bool isExpanded ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
bool isFirstColumnSpanned ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent ) const
bool isHeaderHidden () const
bool isRowHidden ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent ) const
bool isSortingEnabled () const
bool itemsExpandable () const
bool rootIsDecorated () const
void setAllColumnsShowFocus ( bool enable )
void setAnimated ( bool enable )
void setAutoExpandDelay ( int delay )
void setColumnHidden ( int column, bool hide )
void setColumnWidth ( int column, int width )
void setExpanded ( const QModelIndex & index, bool expanded )
void setExpandsOnDoubleClick ( bool enable )
void setFirstColumnSpanned ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent, bool span )
void setHeader ( QHeaderView * header )
void setHeaderHidden ( bool hide )
void setIndentation ( int i )
void setItemsExpandable ( bool enable )
void setRootIsDecorated ( bool show )
void setRowHidden ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent, bool hide )
void setSortingEnabled ( bool enable )
void setUniformRowHeights ( bool uniform )
void setWordWrap ( bool on )
void sortByColumn ( int column, Qt::SortOrder order )
bool uniformRowHeights () const
bool wordWrap () const

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual void dataChanged ( const QModelIndex & topLeft, const QModelIndex & bottomRight )
virtual QModelIndex indexAt ( const QPoint & point ) const
virtual void keyboardSearch ( const QString & search )
virtual void reset ()
virtual void scrollTo ( const QModelIndex & index, ScrollHint hint = EnsureVisible )
virtual void selectAll ()
virtual void setModel ( QAbstractItemModel * model )
virtual void setRootIndex ( const QModelIndex & index )
virtual void setSelectionModel ( QItemSelectionModel * selectionModel )
virtual QRect visualRect ( const QModelIndex & index ) const

Public Slots

void collapse ( const QModelIndex & index )
void collapseAll ()
void expand ( const QModelIndex & index )
void expandAll ()
void expandToDepth ( int depth )
void hideColumn ( int column )
void resizeColumnToContents ( int column )
void showColumn ( int column )

Signals

void collapsed ( const QModelIndex & index )
void expanded ( const QModelIndex & index )

Protected Functions

virtual void drawBranches ( QPainter * painter, const QRect & rect, const QModelIndex & index ) const
virtual void drawRow ( QPainter * painter, const QStyleOptionViewItem & option, const QModelIndex & index ) const
void drawTree ( QPainter * painter, const QRegion & region ) const
int indexRowSizeHint ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
int rowHeight ( const QModelIndex & index ) const

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual void currentChanged ( const QModelIndex & current, const QModelIndex & previous )
virtual void dragMoveEvent ( QDragMoveEvent * event )
virtual int horizontalOffset () const
virtual bool isIndexHidden ( const QModelIndex & index ) const
virtual void keyPressEvent ( QKeyEvent * event )
virtual void mouseDoubleClickEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mouseMoveEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mousePressEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mouseReleaseEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual QModelIndex moveCursor ( CursorAction cursorAction, Qt::KeyboardModifiers modifiers )
virtual void paintEvent ( QPaintEvent * event )
virtual void rowsAboutToBeRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
virtual void rowsInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )
virtual void scrollContentsBy ( int dx, int dy )
virtual QModelIndexList selectedIndexes () const
virtual void selectionChanged ( const QItemSelection & selected, const QItemSelection & deselected )
virtual void setSelection ( const QRect & rect, QItemSelectionModel::SelectionFlags command )
virtual int sizeHintForColumn ( int column ) const
virtual void timerEvent ( QTimerEvent * event )
virtual void updateGeometries ()
virtual int verticalOffset () const
virtual bool viewportEvent ( QEvent * event )
virtual QRegion visualRegionForSelection ( const QItemSelection & selection ) const

Protected Slots

void columnCountChanged ( int oldCount, int newCount )
void columnMoved ()
void columnResized ( int column, int oldSize, int newSize )
void rowsRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end )

Additional Inherited Members

  • 4 static public members inherited from QWidget
  • 7 static public members inherited from QObject

Detailed Description

The QTreeView class provides a default model/view implementation of a tree view.

A QTreeView implements a tree representation of items from a model. This class is used to provide standard hierarchical lists that were previously provided by the QListView class, but using the more flexible approach provided by Qt's model/view architecture.

The QTreeView class is one of the Model/View Classes and is part of Qt's model/view framework.

QTreeView implements the interfaces defined by the QAbstractItemView class to allow it to display data provided by models derived from the QAbstractItemModel class.

It is simple to construct a tree view displaying data from a model. In the following example, the contents of a directory are supplied by a QFileSystemModel and displayed as a tree:

     QFileSystemModel *model = new QFileSystemModel;
     model->setRootPath(QDir::currentPath());
     QTreeView *tree = new QTreeView(splitter);
     tree->setModel(model);

The model/view architecture ensures that the contents of the tree view are updated as the model changes.

Items that have children can be in an expanded (children are visible) or collapsed (children are hidden) state. When this state changes a collapsed() or expanded() signal is emitted with the model index of the relevant item.

The amount of indentation used to indicate levels of hierarchy is controlled by the indentation property.

Headers in tree views are constructed using the QHeaderView class and can be hidden using header()->hide(). Note that each header is configured with its stretchLastSection property set to true, ensuring that the view does not waste any of the space assigned to it for its header. If this value is set to true, this property will override the resize mode set on the last section in the header.

Key Bindings

QTreeView supports a set of key bindings that enable the user to navigate in the view and interact with the contents of items:

KeyAction
UpMoves the cursor to the item in the same column on the previous row. If the parent of the current item has no more rows to navigate to, the cursor moves to the relevant item in the last row of the sibling that precedes the parent.
DownMoves the cursor to the item in the same column on the next row. If the parent of the current item has no more rows to navigate to, the cursor moves to the relevant item in the first row of the sibling that follows the parent.
LeftHides the children of the current item (if present) by collapsing a branch.
MinusSame as LeftArrow.
RightReveals the children of the current item (if present) by expanding a branch.
PlusSame as RightArrow.
AsteriskExpands all children of the current item (if present).
PageUpMoves the cursor up one page.
PageDownMoves the cursor down one page.
HomeMoves the cursor to an item in the same column of the first row of the first top-level item in the model.
EndMoves the cursor to an item in the same column of the last row of the last top-level item in the model.
F2In editable models, this opens the current item for editing. The Escape key can be used to cancel the editing process and revert any changes to the data displayed.
Screenshot of a Windows XP style tree viewScreenshot of a Macintosh style tree viewScreenshot of a Plastique style tree view
A Windows XP style tree view.A Macintosh style tree view.A Plastique style tree view.

Improving Performance

It is possible to give the view hints about the data it is handling in order to improve its performance when displaying large numbers of items. One approach that can be taken for views that are intended to display items with equal heights is to set the uniformRowHeights property to true.

See also QListView, QTreeWidget, View Classes, QAbstractItemModel, QAbstractItemView, and Dir View Example.

Property Documentation

allColumnsShowFocus : bool

This property holds whether items should show keyboard focus using all columns.

If this property is true all columns will show focus, otherwise only one column will show focus.

The default is false.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Access functions:

bool allColumnsShowFocus () const
void setAllColumnsShowFocus ( bool enable )

animated : bool

This property holds whether animations are enabled.

If this property is true the treeview will animate expandsion and collasping of branches. If this property is false, the treeview will expand or collapse branches immediately without showing the animation.

By default, this property is false.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Access functions:

bool isAnimated () const
void setAnimated ( bool enable )

autoExpandDelay : int

This property holds the delay time before items in a tree are opened during a drag and drop operation.

This property holds the amount of time in milliseconds that the user must wait over a node before that node will automatically open or close. If the time is set to less then 0 then it will not be activated.

By default, this property has a value of -1, meaning that auto-expansion is disabled.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

int autoExpandDelay () const
void setAutoExpandDelay ( int delay )

expandsOnDoubleClick : bool

This property holds whether the items can be expanded by double-clicking.

This property holds whether the user can expand and collapse items by double-clicking. The default value is true.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.4.

Access functions:

bool expandsOnDoubleClick () const
void setExpandsOnDoubleClick ( bool enable )

See also itemsExpandable.

headerHidden : bool

This property holds whether the header is shown or not.

If this property is true, the header is not shown otherwise it is. The default value is false.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.4.

Access functions:

bool isHeaderHidden () const
void setHeaderHidden ( bool hide )

See also header().

indentation : int

This property holds indentation of the items in the tree view.

This property holds the indentation measured in pixels of the items for each level in the tree view. For top-level items, the indentation specifies the horizontal distance from the viewport edge to the items in the first column; for child items, it specifies their indentation from their parent items.

By default, this property has a value of 20.

Access functions:

int indentation () const
void setIndentation ( int i )

itemsExpandable : bool

This property holds whether the items are expandable by the user.

This property holds whether the user can expand and collapse items interactively.

By default, this property is true.

Access functions:

bool itemsExpandable () const
void setItemsExpandable ( bool enable )

rootIsDecorated : bool

This property holds whether to show controls for expanding and collapsing top-level items.

Items with children are typically shown with controls to expand and collapse them, allowing their children to be shown or hidden. If this property is false, these controls are not shown for top-level items. This can be used to make a single level tree structure appear like a simple list of items.

By default, this property is true.

Access functions:

bool rootIsDecorated () const
void setRootIsDecorated ( bool show )

sortingEnabled : bool

This property holds whether sorting is enabled.

If this property is true, sorting is enabled for the tree; if the property is false, sorting is not enabled. The default value is false.

Note: In order to avoid performance issues, it is recommended that sorting is enabled after inserting the items into the tree. Alternatively, you could also insert the items into a list before inserting the items into the tree.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Access functions:

bool isSortingEnabled () const
void setSortingEnabled ( bool enable )

See also sortByColumn().

uniformRowHeights : bool

This property holds whether all items in the treeview have the same height.

This property should only be set to true if it is guaranteed that all items in the view has the same height. This enables the view to do some optimizations.

The height is obtained from the first item in the view. It is updated when the data changes on that item.

By default, this property is false.

Access functions:

bool uniformRowHeights () const
void setUniformRowHeights ( bool uniform )

wordWrap : bool

This property holds the item text word-wrapping policy.

If this property is true then the item text is wrapped where necessary at word-breaks; otherwise it is not wrapped at all. This property is false by default.

Note that even if wrapping is enabled, the cell will not be expanded to fit all text. Ellipsis will be inserted according to the current textElideMode.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

bool wordWrap () const
void setWordWrap ( bool on )

Member Function Documentation

QTreeView::QTreeView ( QWidget * parent = 0 )

Constructs a tree view with a parent to represent a model's data. Use setModel() to set the model.

See also QAbstractItemModel.

QTreeView::~QTreeView ()

Destroys the tree view.

void QTreeView::collapse ( const QModelIndex & index ) [slot]

Collapses the model item specified by the index.

See also collapsed().

void QTreeView::collapseAll () [slot]

Collapses all expanded items.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also expandAll(), expand(), collapse(), and setExpanded().

void QTreeView::collapsed ( const QModelIndex & index ) [signal]

This signal is emitted when the item specified by index is collapsed.

int QTreeView::columnAt ( int x ) const

Returns the column in the tree view whose header covers the x coordinate given.

void QTreeView::columnCountChanged ( int oldCount, int newCount ) [protected slot]

Informs the tree view that the number of columns in the tree view has changed from oldCount to newCount.

void QTreeView::columnMoved () [protected slot]

This slot is called whenever a column has been moved.

void QTreeView::columnResized ( int column, int oldSize, int newSize ) [protected slot]

This function is called whenever column's size is changed in the header. oldSize and newSize give the previous size and the new size in pixels.

See also setColumnWidth().

int QTreeView::columnViewportPosition ( int column ) const

Returns the horizontal position of the column in the viewport.

int QTreeView::columnWidth ( int column ) const

Returns the width of the column.

See also resizeColumnToContents() and setColumnWidth().

void QTreeView::currentChanged ( const QModelIndex & current, const QModelIndex & previous ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::currentChanged().

void QTreeView::dataChanged ( const QModelIndex & topLeft, const QModelIndex & bottomRight ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::dataChanged().

void QTreeView::dragMoveEvent ( QDragMoveEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::dragMoveEvent().

void QTreeView::drawBranches ( QPainter * painter, const QRect & rect, const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual protected]

Draws the branches in the tree view on the same row as the model item index, using the painter given. The branches are drawn in the rectangle specified by rect.

void QTreeView::drawRow ( QPainter * painter, const QStyleOptionViewItem & option, const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual protected]

Draws the row in the tree view that contains the model item index, using the painter given. The option control how the item is displayed.

See also setAlternatingRowColors().

void QTreeView::drawTree ( QPainter * painter, const QRegion & region ) const [protected]

Draws the part of the tree intersecting the given region using the specified painter.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also paintEvent().

void QTreeView::expand ( const QModelIndex & index ) [slot]

Expands the model item specified by the index.

See also expanded().

void QTreeView::expandAll () [slot]

Expands all expandable items.

Warning: if the model contains a large number of items, this function will take some time to execute.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also collapseAll(), expand(), collapse(), and setExpanded().

void QTreeView::expandToDepth ( int depth ) [slot]

Expands all expandable items to the given depth.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also expandAll(), collapseAll(), expand(), collapse(), and setExpanded().

void QTreeView::expanded ( const QModelIndex & index ) [signal]

This signal is emitted when the item specified by index is expanded.

See also setExpanded().

QHeaderView * QTreeView::header () const

Returns the header for the tree view.

See also setHeader() and QAbstractItemModel::headerData().

void QTreeView::hideColumn ( int column ) [slot]

Hides the column given.

Note: This function should only be called after the model has been initialized, as the view needs to know the number of columns in order to hide column.

See also showColumn() and setColumnHidden().

int QTreeView::horizontalOffset () const [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::horizontalOffset().

Returns the horizontal offset of the items in the treeview.

Note that the tree view uses the horizontal header section positions to determine the positions of columns in the view.

See also verticalOffset().

QModelIndex QTreeView::indexAbove ( const QModelIndex & index ) const

Returns the model index of the item above index.

QModelIndex QTreeView::indexAt ( const QPoint & point ) const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::indexAt().

QModelIndex QTreeView::indexBelow ( const QModelIndex & index ) const

Returns the model index of the item below index.

int QTreeView::indexRowSizeHint ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [protected]

Returns the size hint for the row indicated by index.

See also sizeHintForColumn() and uniformRowHeights().

bool QTreeView::isColumnHidden ( int column ) const

Returns true if the column is hidden; otherwise returns false.

See also hideColumn() and isRowHidden().

bool QTreeView::isExpanded ( const QModelIndex & index ) const

Returns true if the model item index is expanded; otherwise returns false.

See also expand(), expanded(), and setExpanded().

bool QTreeView::isFirstColumnSpanned ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent ) const

Returns true if the item in first column in the given row of the parent is spanning all the columns; otherwise returns false.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also setFirstColumnSpanned().

bool QTreeView::isIndexHidden ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::isIndexHidden().

bool QTreeView::isRowHidden ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent ) const

Returns true if the item in the given row of the parent is hidden; otherwise returns false.

See also setRowHidden() and isColumnHidden().

void QTreeView::keyPressEvent ( QKeyEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::keyPressEvent().

void QTreeView::keyboardSearch ( const QString & search ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::keyboardSearch().

void QTreeView::mouseDoubleClickEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseDoubleClickEvent().

void QTreeView::mouseMoveEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseMoveEvent().

void QTreeView::mousePressEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mousePressEvent().

void QTreeView::mouseReleaseEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseReleaseEvent().

QModelIndex QTreeView::moveCursor ( CursorAction cursorAction, Qt::KeyboardModifiers modifiers ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::moveCursor().

Move the cursor in the way described by cursorAction, using the information provided by the button modifiers.

void QTreeView::paintEvent ( QPaintEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::paintEvent().

void QTreeView::reset () [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::reset().

void QTreeView::resizeColumnToContents ( int column ) [slot]

Resizes the column given to the size of its contents.

See also columnWidth() and setColumnWidth().

int QTreeView::rowHeight ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [protected]

Returns the height of the row indicated by the given index.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also indexRowSizeHint().

void QTreeView::rowsAboutToBeRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::rowsAboutToBeRemoved().

Informs the view that the rows from the start row to the end row inclusive are about to removed from the given parent model item.

void QTreeView::rowsInserted ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::rowsInserted().

Informs the view that the rows from the start row to the end row inclusive have been inserted into the parent model item.

void QTreeView::rowsRemoved ( const QModelIndex & parent, int start, int end ) [protected slot]

Informs the view that the rows from the start row to the end row inclusive have been removed from the given parent model item.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.1.

void QTreeView::scrollContentsBy ( int dx, int dy ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractScrollArea::scrollContentsBy().

Scrolls the contents of the tree view by (dx, dy).

void QTreeView::scrollTo ( const QModelIndex & index, ScrollHint hint = EnsureVisible ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::scrollTo().

Scroll the contents of the tree view until the given model item index is visible. The hint parameter specifies more precisely where the item should be located after the operation. If any of the parents of the model item are collapsed, they will be expanded to ensure that the model item is visible.

void QTreeView::selectAll () [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::selectAll().

QModelIndexList QTreeView::selectedIndexes () const [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::selectedIndexes().

void QTreeView::selectionChanged ( const QItemSelection & selected, const QItemSelection & deselected ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::selectionChanged().

void QTreeView::setColumnHidden ( int column, bool hide )

If hide is true the column is hidden, otherwise the column is shown.

See also isColumnHidden(), hideColumn(), and setRowHidden().

void QTreeView::setColumnWidth ( int column, int width )

Sets the width of the given column to the width specified.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also columnWidth() and resizeColumnToContents().

void QTreeView::setExpanded ( const QModelIndex & index, bool expanded )

Sets the item referred to by index to either collapse or expanded, depending on the value of expanded.

See also expanded(), expand(), and isExpanded().

void QTreeView::setFirstColumnSpanned ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent, bool span )

If span is true the item in the first column in the row with the given parent is set to span all columns, otherwise all items on the row are shown.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

See also isFirstColumnSpanned().

void QTreeView::setHeader ( QHeaderView * header )

Sets the header for the tree view, to the given header.

The view takes ownership over the given header and deletes it when a new header is set.

See also QAbstractItemModel::headerData().

void QTreeView::setModel ( QAbstractItemModel * model ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::setModel().

void QTreeView::setRootIndex ( const QModelIndex & index ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::setRootIndex().

void QTreeView::setRowHidden ( int row, const QModelIndex & parent, bool hide )

If hide is true the row with the given parent is hidden, otherwise the row is shown.

See also isRowHidden() and setColumnHidden().

void QTreeView::setSelection ( const QRect & rect, QItemSelectionModel::SelectionFlags command ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::setSelection().

Applies the selection command to the items in or touched by the rectangle, rect.

See also selectionCommand().

void QTreeView::setSelectionModel ( QItemSelectionModel * selectionModel ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::setSelectionModel().

void QTreeView::showColumn ( int column ) [slot]

Shows the given column in the tree view.

See also hideColumn() and setColumnHidden().

int QTreeView::sizeHintForColumn ( int column ) const [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::sizeHintForColumn().

Returns the size hint for the column's width or -1 if there is no model.

If you need to set the width of a given column to a fixed value, call QHeaderView::resizeSection() on the view's header.

If you reimplement this function in a subclass, note that the value you return is only used when resizeColumnToContents() is called. In that case, if a larger column width is required by either the view's header or the item delegate, that width will be used instead.

See also QWidget::sizeHint and header().

void QTreeView::sortByColumn ( int column, Qt::SortOrder order )

Sets the model up for sorting by the values in the given column and order.

column may be -1, in which case no sort indicator will be shown and the model will return to its natural, unsorted order. Note that not all models support this and may even crash in this case.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.2.

See also sortingEnabled.

void QTreeView::timerEvent ( QTimerEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QObject::timerEvent().

void QTreeView::updateGeometries () [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::updateGeometries().

int QTreeView::verticalOffset () const [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::verticalOffset().

Returns the vertical offset of the items in the tree view.

See also horizontalOffset().

bool QTreeView::viewportEvent ( QEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractScrollArea::viewportEvent().

QRect QTreeView::visualRect ( const QModelIndex & index ) const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::visualRect().

Returns the rectangle on the viewport occupied by the item at index. If the index is not visible or explicitly hidden, the returned rectangle is invalid.

QRegion QTreeView::visualRegionForSelection ( const QItemSelection & selection ) const [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractItemView::visualRegionForSelection().

Returns the rectangle from the viewport of the items in the given selection.

Since 4.7, the returned region only contains rectangles intersecting (or included in) the viewport.

Notes provided by the Qt Community

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