Installing Qt for Embedded Linux
This document describes how to install Qt for Embedded Linux in your development environment:
Note also that this installation procedure is written for Linux, and that it may need to be modified for other platforms.
Step 1: Installing the License File (commercial editions only)
If you have the commercial edition of Qt for Embedded Linux, the first step is to install your license file as $HOME/.qt-license.
For the open source version you do not need a license file.
Step 2: Unpacking the Archive
First uncompress the archive in the preferred location, then unpack it:
cd <anywhere> gunzip qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.8.5.tar.gz tar xf qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.8.5.tar
This document assumes that the archive is unpacked in the following directory:
Step 3: Building the Library
Before building the Qt for Embedded Linux library, run the ./configure script to configure the library for your development architecture. You can list all of the configuration system's options by typing
./configure -embedded -help
The Configuration Options for Qt page gives a brief overview of these.
Note that by default, Qt for Embedded Linux is configured for installation in the /usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.8.5 directory, but this can be changed by using the -prefix option. Alternatively, the -prefix-install option can be used to specify a "local" installation within the source directory.
The configuration system is also designed to allow you to specify your platform architecture:
cd ~/qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.8.5 ./configure -embedded [architecture]
In general, all Linux systems which have framebuffer support can use the generic architecture. Other typical architectures are x86, arm and mips.
Note: If you want to build Qt for Embedded Linux for use with a virtual framebuffer, pass the -qvfb option to the configure script.
To create the library and compile all the demos, examples, tools, and tutorials, type:
On some systems the make utility is named differently, e.g. gmake. The configure script tells you which make utility to use.
If you did not configure Qt for Embedded Linux using the -prefix-install option, you need to install the library, demos, examples, tools, and tutorials in the appropriate place. To do this, type:
su -c "make install"
and enter the root password.
Note: You can use the INSTALL_ROOT environment variable to specify the location of the installed files when invoking make install.
Step 4: Adjusting the Environment Variables
In order to use Qt for Embedded Linux, the PATH variable must be extended to locate qmake, moc and other Qt for Embedded Linux tools, and the LD_LIBRARY_PATH must be extended for compilers that do not support rpath.
To set the PATH variable, add the following lines to your .profile file if your shell is bash, ksh, zsh or sh:
PATH=/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.8.5/bin:$PATH export PATH
In case your shell is csh or tcsh, add the following line to the .login file instead:
setenv PATH /usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.8.5/bin:$PATH
If you use a different shell, please modify your environment variables accordingly.
For compilers that do not support rpath you must also extend the LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variable to include /usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.8.5/lib. Note that on Linux with GCC, this step is not needed.
Step 5: Building the Virtual Framebuffer
For development and debugging, Qt for Embedded Linux provides a virtual framebuffer as well as the option of running Qt for Embedded Linux as a VNC server. For a description of how to install the virtual framebuffer and how to use the VNC protocol, please consult the documentation at:
Note that the virtual framebuffer requires a Qt for X11 installation. See Installing Qt for X11 Platforms for details.
The Linux framebuffer, on the other hand, is enabled by default on all modern Linux distributions. For information on older versions, see http://en.tldp.org/HOWTO/Framebuffer-HOWTO.html. To test that the Linux framebuffer is set up correctly, use the program provided by the Testing the Linux Framebuffer document.
That's all. Qt for Embedded Linux is now installed.
|Customizing the Qt for Embedded Linux Library|
When building embedded applications on low-powered devices, reducing the memory and CPU requirements is important.
A number of options tuning the library's performance are available. But the most direct way of saving resources is to fine-tune the set of Qt features that is compiled. It is also possible to make use of accelerated graphics hardware.