QPaintDevice Class Reference

The QPaintDevice class is the base class of objects that can be painted. More...

 #include <QPaintDevice>

Inherited by: QCustomRasterPaintDevice, QGLFramebufferObject, QGLPixelBuffer, QImage, QPicture, QPixmap, QPrinter, QSvgGenerator, and QWidget.

Public Types

enum PaintDeviceMetric { PdmWidth, PdmHeight, PdmWidthMM, PdmHeightMM, ..., PdmPhysicalDpiY }

Public Functions

virtual ~QPaintDevice ()
int colorCount () const
int depth () const
int height () const
int heightMM () const
int logicalDpiX () const
int logicalDpiY () const
int numColors () const (deprecated)
virtual QPaintEngine * paintEngine () const = 0
bool paintingActive () const
int physicalDpiX () const
int physicalDpiY () const
int width () const
int widthMM () const

Protected Functions

QPaintDevice ()
virtual int metric ( PaintDeviceMetric metric ) const

Detailed Description

The QPaintDevice class is the base class of objects that can be painted.

A paint device is an abstraction of a two-dimensional space that can be drawn using a QPainter. Its default coordinate system has its origin located at the top-left position. X increases to the right and Y increases downwards. The unit is one pixel.

The drawing capabilities of QPaintDevice are currently implemented by the QWidget, QImage, QPixmap, QGLPixelBuffer, QPicture, and QPrinter subclasses.

To implement support for a new backend, you must derive from QPaintDevice and reimplement the virtual paintEngine() function to tell QPainter which paint engine should be used to draw on this particular device. Note that you also must create a corresponding paint engine to be able to draw on the device, i.e derive from QPaintEngine and reimplement its virtual functions.

Warning: Qt requires that a QApplication object exists before any paint devices can be created. Paint devices access window system resources, and these resources are not initialized before an application object is created.

The QPaintDevice class provides several functions returning the various device metrics: The depth() function returns its bit depth (number of bit planes). The height() function returns its height in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget) while heightMM() returns the height of the device in millimeters. Similiarily, the width() and widthMM() functions return the width of the device in default coordinate system units and in millimeters, respectively. Alternatively, the protected metric() function can be used to retrieve the metric information by specifying the desired PaintDeviceMetric as argument.

The logicalDpiX() and logicalDpiY() functions return the horizontal and vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch. The physicalDpiX() and physicalDpiY() functions also return the resolution of the device in dots per inch, but note that if the logical and physical resolution differ, the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the mapping. Finally, the colorCount() function returns the number of different colors available for the paint device.

See also QPaintEngine, QPainter, Coordinate System, and Paint System.

Member Type Documentation

enum QPaintDevice::PaintDeviceMetric

Describes the various metrics of a paint device.

ConstantValueDescription
QPaintDevice::PdmWidth1The width of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget). See also width().
QPaintDevice::PdmHeight2The height of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget). See also height().
QPaintDevice::PdmWidthMM3The width of the paint device in millimeters. See also widthMM().
QPaintDevice::PdmHeightMM4The height of the paint device in millimeters. See also heightMM().
QPaintDevice::PdmNumColors5The number of different colors available for the paint device. See also colorCount().
QPaintDevice::PdmDepth6The bit depth (number of bit planes) of the paint device. See also depth().
QPaintDevice::PdmDpiX7The horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also logicalDpiX().
QPaintDevice::PdmDpiY8The vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also logicalDpiY().
QPaintDevice::PdmPhysicalDpiX9The horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also physicalDpiX().
QPaintDevice::PdmPhysicalDpiY10The vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch. See also physicalDpiY().

See also metric().

Member Function Documentation

QPaintDevice::QPaintDevice () [protected]

Constructs a paint device. This constructor can be invoked only from subclasses of QPaintDevice.

QPaintDevice::~QPaintDevice () [virtual]

Destroys the paint device and frees window system resources.

int QPaintDevice::colorCount () const

Returns the number of different colors available for the paint device. Since this value is an int, it will not be sufficient to represent the number of colors on 32 bit displays, in this case INT_MAX is returned instead.

int QPaintDevice::depth () const

Returns the bit depth (number of bit planes) of the paint device.

int QPaintDevice::height () const

Returns the height of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget).

See also heightMM().

int QPaintDevice::heightMM () const

Returns the height of the paint device in millimeters. Due to platform limitations it may not be possible to use this function to determine the actual physical size of a widget on the screen.

See also height().

int QPaintDevice::logicalDpiX () const

Returns the horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch, which is used when computing font sizes. For X11, this is usually the same as could be computed from widthMM().

Note that if the logicalDpiX() doesn't equal the physicalDpiX(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also logicalDpiY() and physicalDpiX().

int QPaintDevice::logicalDpiY () const

Returns the vertical resolution of the device in dots per inch, which is used when computing font sizes. For X11, this is usually the same as could be computed from heightMM().

Note that if the logicalDpiY() doesn't equal the physicalDpiY(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also logicalDpiX() and physicalDpiY().

int QPaintDevice::metric ( PaintDeviceMetric metric ) const [virtual protected]

Returns the metric information for the given paint device metric.

See also PaintDeviceMetric.

int QPaintDevice::numColors () const

This function is deprecated.

Use colorCount() instead.

Returns the number of different colors available for the paint device. Since this value is an int, it will not be sufficient to represent the number of colors on 32 bit displays, in this case INT_MAX is returned instead.

QPaintEngine * QPaintDevice::paintEngine () const [pure virtual]

Returns a pointer to the paint engine used for drawing on the device.

bool QPaintDevice::paintingActive () const

Returns true if the device is currently being painted on, i.e. someone has called QPainter::begin() but not yet called QPainter::end() for this device; otherwise returns false.

See also QPainter::isActive().

int QPaintDevice::physicalDpiX () const

Returns the horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. For example, when printing, this resolution refers to the physical printer's resolution. The logical DPI on the other hand, refers to the resolution used by the actual paint engine.

Note that if the physicalDpiX() doesn't equal the logicalDpiX(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also physicalDpiY() and logicalDpiX().

int QPaintDevice::physicalDpiY () const

Returns the horizontal resolution of the device in dots per inch. For example, when printing, this resolution refers to the physical printer's resolution. The logical DPI on the other hand, refers to the resolution used by the actual paint engine.

Note that if the physicalDpiY() doesn't equal the logicalDpiY(), the corresponding QPaintEngine must handle the resolution mapping.

See also physicalDpiX() and logicalDpiY().

int QPaintDevice::width () const

Returns the width of the paint device in default coordinate system units (e.g. pixels for QPixmap and QWidget).

See also widthMM().

int QPaintDevice::widthMM () const

Returns the width of the paint device in millimeters. Due to platform limitations it may not be possible to use this function to determine the actual physical size of a widget on the screen.

See also width().

Notes provided by the Qt Community

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