QGridLayout Class Reference

The QGridLayout class lays out widgets in a grid. More...

 #include <QGridLayout>

Inherits: QLayout.

Properties

  • 2 properties inherited from QLayout
  • 1 property inherited from QObject

Public Functions

QGridLayout ( QWidget * parent )
QGridLayout ()
~QGridLayout ()
void addItem ( QLayoutItem * item, int row, int column, int rowSpan = 1, int columnSpan = 1, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )
void addLayout ( QLayout * layout, int row, int column, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )
void addLayout ( QLayout * layout, int row, int column, int rowSpan, int columnSpan, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )
void addWidget ( QWidget * widget, int row, int column, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )
void addWidget ( QWidget * widget, int fromRow, int fromColumn, int rowSpan, int columnSpan, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )
QRect cellRect ( int row, int column ) const
int columnCount () const
int columnMinimumWidth ( int column ) const
int columnStretch ( int column ) const
void getItemPosition ( int index, int * row, int * column, int * rowSpan, int * columnSpan )
int horizontalSpacing () const
QLayoutItem * itemAtPosition ( int row, int column ) const
Qt::Corner originCorner () const
int rowCount () const
int rowMinimumHeight ( int row ) const
int rowStretch ( int row ) const
void setColumnMinimumWidth ( int column, int minSize )
void setColumnStretch ( int column, int stretch )
void setHorizontalSpacing ( int spacing )
void setOriginCorner ( Qt::Corner corner )
void setRowMinimumHeight ( int row, int minSize )
void setRowStretch ( int row, int stretch )
void setSpacing ( int spacing )
void setVerticalSpacing ( int spacing )
int spacing () const
int verticalSpacing () const

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual int count () const
virtual Qt::Orientations expandingDirections () const
virtual bool hasHeightForWidth () const
virtual int heightForWidth ( int w ) const
virtual void invalidate ()
virtual QLayoutItem * itemAt ( int index ) const
virtual QSize maximumSize () const
virtual int minimumHeightForWidth ( int w ) const
virtual QSize minimumSize () const
virtual void setGeometry ( const QRect & rect )
virtual QSize sizeHint () const
virtual QLayoutItem * takeAt ( int index )
  • 35 public functions inherited from QLayout
  • 29 public functions inherited from QObject
  • 17 public functions inherited from QLayoutItem

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual void addItem ( QLayoutItem * item )
  • 4 protected functions inherited from QLayout
  • 8 protected functions inherited from QObject

Additional Inherited Members

  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject
  • 1 signal inherited from QObject
  • 1 static public member inherited from QLayout
  • 7 static public members inherited from QObject
  • 4 protected functions inherited from QLayout
  • 8 protected functions inherited from QObject

Detailed Description

The QGridLayout class lays out widgets in a grid.

QGridLayout takes the space made available to it (by its parent layout or by the parentWidget()), divides it up into rows and columns, and puts each widget it manages into the correct cell.

Columns and rows behave identically; we will discuss columns, but there are equivalent functions for rows.

Each column has a minimum width and a stretch factor. The minimum width is the greatest of that set using setColumnMinimumWidth() and the minimum width of each widget in that column. The stretch factor is set using setColumnStretch() and determines how much of the available space the column will get over and above its necessary minimum.

Normally, each managed widget or layout is put into a cell of its own using addWidget(). It is also possible for a widget to occupy multiple cells using the row and column spanning overloads of addItem() and addWidget(). If you do this, QGridLayout will guess how to distribute the size over the columns/rows (based on the stretch factors).

To remove a widget from a layout, call removeWidget(). Calling QWidget::hide() on a widget also effectively removes the widget from the layout until QWidget::show() is called.

This illustration shows a fragment of a dialog with a five-column, three-row grid (the grid is shown overlaid in magenta):

A grid layout

Columns 0, 2 and 4 in this dialog fragment are made up of a QLabel, a QLineEdit, and a QListBox. Columns 1 and 3 are placeholders made with setColumnMinimumWidth(). Row 0 consists of three QLabel objects, row 1 of three QLineEdit objects and row 2 of three QListBox objects. We used placeholder columns (1 and 3) to get the right amount of space between the columns.

Note that the columns and rows are not equally wide or tall. If you want two columns to have the same width, you must set their minimum widths and stretch factors to be the same yourself. You do this using setColumnMinimumWidth() and setColumnStretch().

If the QGridLayout is not the top-level layout (i.e. does not manage all of the widget's area and children), you must add it to its parent layout when you create it, but before you do anything with it. The normal way to add a layout is by calling addLayout() on the parent layout.

Once you have added your layout you can start putting widgets and other layouts into the cells of your grid layout using addWidget(), addItem(), and addLayout().

QGridLayout also includes two margin widths: the contents margin and the spacing(). The contents margin is the width of the reserved space along each of the QGridLayout's four sides. The spacing() is the width of the automatically allocated spacing between neighboring boxes.

The default contents margin values are provided by the style. The default value Qt styles specify is 9 for child widgets and 11 for windows. The spacing defaults to the same as the margin width for a top-level layout, or to the same as the parent layout.

See also QBoxLayout, QStackedLayout, Layout Management, and Basic Layouts Example.

Property Documentation

horizontalSpacing : int

This property holds the spacing between widgets that are laid out side by side.

If no value is explicitly set, the layout's horizontal spacing is inherited from the parent layout, or from the style settings for the parent widget.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

int horizontalSpacing () const
void setHorizontalSpacing ( int spacing )

See also verticalSpacing, QStyle::pixelMetric(), and PM_LayoutHorizontalSpacing.

verticalSpacing : int

This property holds the spacing between widgets that are laid out on top of each other.

If no value is explicitly set, the layout's vertical spacing is inherited from the parent layout, or from the style settings for the parent widget.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

int verticalSpacing () const
void setVerticalSpacing ( int spacing )

See also horizontalSpacing, QStyle::pixelMetric(), and PM_LayoutHorizontalSpacing.

Member Function Documentation

QGridLayout::QGridLayout ( QWidget * parent )

Constructs a new QGridLayout with parent widget, parent. The layout has one row and one column initially, and will expand when new items are inserted.

QGridLayout::QGridLayout ()

Constructs a new grid layout.

You must insert this grid into another layout. You can insert widgets and layouts into this layout at any time, but laying out will not be performed before this is inserted into another layout.

QGridLayout::~QGridLayout ()

Destroys the grid layout. Geometry management is terminated if this is a top-level grid.

The layout's widgets aren't destroyed.

void QGridLayout::addItem ( QLayoutItem * item, int row, int column, int rowSpan = 1, int columnSpan = 1, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )

Adds item at position row, column, spanning rowSpan rows and columnSpan columns, and aligns it according to alignment. If rowSpan and/or columnSpan is -1, then the item will extend to the bottom and/or right edge, respectively. The layout takes ownership of the item.

Warning: Do not use this function to add child layouts or child widget items. Use addLayout() or addWidget() instead.

void QGridLayout::addItem ( QLayoutItem * item ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QLayout::addItem().

void QGridLayout::addLayout ( QLayout * layout, int row, int column, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )

Places the layout at position (row, column) in the grid. The top-left position is (0, 0).

The alignment is specified by alignment. The default alignment is 0, which means that the widget fills the entire cell.

A non-zero alignment indicates that the layout should not grow to fill the available space but should be sized according to sizeHint().

layout becomes a child of the grid layout.

void QGridLayout::addLayout ( QLayout * layout, int row, int column, int rowSpan, int columnSpan, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )

This is an overloaded function.

This version adds the layout layout to the cell grid, spanning multiple rows/columns. The cell will start at row, column spanning rowSpan rows and columnSpan columns.

If rowSpan and/or columnSpan is -1, then the layout will extend to the bottom and/or right edge, respectively.

void QGridLayout::addWidget ( QWidget * widget, int row, int column, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )

Adds the given widget to the cell grid at row, column. The top-left position is (0, 0) by default.

The alignment is specified by alignment. The default alignment is 0, which means that the widget fills the entire cell.

void QGridLayout::addWidget ( QWidget * widget, int fromRow, int fromColumn, int rowSpan, int columnSpan, Qt::Alignment alignment = 0 )

This is an overloaded function.

This version adds the given widget to the cell grid, spanning multiple rows/columns. The cell will start at fromRow, fromColumn spanning rowSpan rows and columnSpan columns. The widget will have the given alignment.

If rowSpan and/or columnSpan is -1, then the widget will extend to the bottom and/or right edge, respectively.

QRect QGridLayout::cellRect ( int row, int column ) const

Returns the geometry of the cell with row row and column column in the grid. Returns an invalid rectangle if row or column is outside the grid.

Warning: in the current version of Qt this function does not return valid results until setGeometry() has been called, i.e. after the parentWidget() is visible.

int QGridLayout::columnCount () const

Returns the number of columns in this grid.

int QGridLayout::columnMinimumWidth ( int column ) const

Returns the column spacing for column column.

See also setColumnMinimumWidth().

int QGridLayout::columnStretch ( int column ) const

Returns the stretch factor for column column.

See also setColumnStretch().

int QGridLayout::count () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayout::count().

Qt::Orientations QGridLayout::expandingDirections () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::expandingDirections().

void QGridLayout::getItemPosition ( int index, int * row, int * column, int * rowSpan, int * columnSpan )

Returns the position information of the item with the given index.

The variables passed as row and column are updated with the position of the item in the layout, and the rowSpan and columnSpan variables are updated with the vertical and horizontal spans of the item.

See also itemAtPosition() and itemAt().

bool QGridLayout::hasHeightForWidth () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::hasHeightForWidth().

int QGridLayout::heightForWidth ( int w ) const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::heightForWidth().

void QGridLayout::invalidate () [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::invalidate().

QLayoutItem * QGridLayout::itemAt ( int index ) const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayout::itemAt().

QLayoutItem * QGridLayout::itemAtPosition ( int row, int column ) const

Returns the layout item that occupies cell (row, column), or 0 if the cell is empty.

This function was introduced in Qt 4.4.

See also getItemPosition() and indexOf().

QSize QGridLayout::maximumSize () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::maximumSize().

int QGridLayout::minimumHeightForWidth ( int w ) const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::minimumHeightForWidth().

QSize QGridLayout::minimumSize () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::minimumSize().

Qt::Corner QGridLayout::originCorner () const

Returns the corner that's used for the grid's origin, i.e. for position (0, 0).

See also setOriginCorner().

int QGridLayout::rowCount () const

Returns the number of rows in this grid.

int QGridLayout::rowMinimumHeight ( int row ) const

Returns the minimum width set for row row.

See also setRowMinimumHeight().

int QGridLayout::rowStretch ( int row ) const

Returns the stretch factor for row row.

See also setRowStretch().

void QGridLayout::setColumnMinimumWidth ( int column, int minSize )

Sets the minimum width of column column to minSize pixels.

See also columnMinimumWidth() and setRowMinimumHeight().

void QGridLayout::setColumnStretch ( int column, int stretch )

Sets the stretch factor of column column to stretch. The first column is number 0.

The stretch factor is relative to the other columns in this grid. Columns with a higher stretch factor take more of the available space.

The default stretch factor is 0. If the stretch factor is 0 and no other column in this table can grow at all, the column may still grow.

An alternative approach is to add spacing using addItem() with a QSpacerItem.

See also columnStretch() and setRowStretch().

void QGridLayout::setGeometry ( const QRect & rect ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::setGeometry().

void QGridLayout::setOriginCorner ( Qt::Corner corner )

Sets the grid's origin corner, i.e. position (0, 0), to corner.

See also originCorner().

void QGridLayout::setRowMinimumHeight ( int row, int minSize )

Sets the minimum height of row row to minSize pixels.

See also rowMinimumHeight() and setColumnMinimumWidth().

void QGridLayout::setRowStretch ( int row, int stretch )

Sets the stretch factor of row row to stretch. The first row is number 0.

The stretch factor is relative to the other rows in this grid. Rows with a higher stretch factor take more of the available space.

The default stretch factor is 0. If the stretch factor is 0 and no other row in this table can grow at all, the row may still grow.

See also rowStretch(), setRowMinimumHeight(), and setColumnStretch().

void QGridLayout::setSpacing ( int spacing )

This function sets both the vertical and horizontal spacing to spacing.

See also spacing(), setVerticalSpacing(), and setHorizontalSpacing().

QSize QGridLayout::sizeHint () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayoutItem::sizeHint().

int QGridLayout::spacing () const

If the vertical spacing is equal to the horizontal spacing, this function returns that value; otherwise it return -1.

See also setSpacing(), verticalSpacing(), and horizontalSpacing().

QLayoutItem * QGridLayout::takeAt ( int index ) [virtual]

Reimplemented from QLayout::takeAt().

Notes provided by the Qt Community
Informative
  • 5

Votes: 2

Coverage: Qt library 4.7, 4.8, 5.0

Picture of SimonL SimonL

Lab Rat
2 notes

Left to Right in Right to Left Languages

To Keep QGridLayout drawing from Left to Right in Right to Left Languages you must set the top corner setOriginCorner() to Qt::TopRightCorner. This is best done in the constructor and when ApplicationLayoutDirectionChange and LayoutDirectionChange’s occur.

[Revisions]

Informative
  • 5

Votes: 3

Coverage: Qt library 4.7, 4.8, qt 5.0

Picture of Sam Sam

Ant Farmer
19 notes

Remove additional spacing.

In order to remove the additional spacing while using QBoxLayout we can set the margins as

layout->setContentsMargins(QMargins(0,0,0,0));

[Revisions]