QGraphicsView Class Reference

The QGraphicsView class provides a widget for displaying the contents of a QGraphicsScene. More...

 #include <QGraphicsView>

Inherits: QAbstractScrollArea.

Inherited by: QDeclarativeView.

This class was introduced in Qt 4.2.

Public Types

flags CacheMode
enum CacheModeFlag { CacheNone, CacheBackground }
enum DragMode { NoDrag, ScrollHandDrag, RubberBandDrag }
enum OptimizationFlag { DontClipPainter, DontSavePainterState, DontAdjustForAntialiasing, IndirectPainting }
flags OptimizationFlags
enum ViewportAnchor { NoAnchor, AnchorViewCenter, AnchorUnderMouse }
enum ViewportUpdateMode { FullViewportUpdate, MinimalViewportUpdate, SmartViewportUpdate, BoundingRectViewportUpdate, NoViewportUpdate }

Properties

Public Functions

QGraphicsView ( QWidget * parent = 0 )
QGraphicsView ( QGraphicsScene * scene, QWidget * parent = 0 )
~QGraphicsView ()
Qt::Alignment alignment () const
QBrush backgroundBrush () const
CacheMode cacheMode () const
void centerOn ( const QPointF & pos )
void centerOn ( qreal x, qreal y )
void centerOn ( const QGraphicsItem * item )
DragMode dragMode () const
void ensureVisible ( const QRectF & rect, int xmargin = 50, int ymargin = 50 )
void ensureVisible ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h, int xmargin = 50, int ymargin = 50 )
void ensureVisible ( const QGraphicsItem * item, int xmargin = 50, int ymargin = 50 )
void fitInView ( const QRectF & rect, Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::IgnoreAspectRatio )
void fitInView ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h, Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::IgnoreAspectRatio )
void fitInView ( const QGraphicsItem * item, Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::IgnoreAspectRatio )
QBrush foregroundBrush () const
bool isInteractive () const
bool isTransformed () const
QGraphicsItem * itemAt ( const QPoint & pos ) const
QGraphicsItem * itemAt ( int x, int y ) const
QList<QGraphicsItem *> items () const
QList<QGraphicsItem *> items ( const QPoint & pos ) const
QList<QGraphicsItem *> items ( int x, int y ) const
QList<QGraphicsItem *> items ( int x, int y, int w, int h, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const
QList<QGraphicsItem *> items ( const QRect & rect, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const
QList<QGraphicsItem *> items ( const QPolygon & polygon, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const
QList<QGraphicsItem *> items ( const QPainterPath & path, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const
QPoint mapFromScene ( const QPointF & point ) const
QPolygon mapFromScene ( const QRectF & rect ) const
QPolygon mapFromScene ( const QPolygonF & polygon ) const
QPainterPath mapFromScene ( const QPainterPath & path ) const
QPoint mapFromScene ( qreal x, qreal y ) const
QPolygon mapFromScene ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h ) const
QPointF mapToScene ( const QPoint & point ) const
QPolygonF mapToScene ( const QRect & rect ) const
QPolygonF mapToScene ( const QPolygon & polygon ) const
QPainterPath mapToScene ( const QPainterPath & path ) const
QPointF mapToScene ( int x, int y ) const
QPolygonF mapToScene ( int x, int y, int w, int h ) const
QMatrix matrix () const
OptimizationFlags optimizationFlags () const
void render ( QPainter * painter, const QRectF & target = QRectF(), const QRect & source = QRect(), Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::KeepAspectRatio )
QPainter::RenderHints renderHints () const
void resetCachedContent ()
void resetMatrix ()
void resetTransform ()
ViewportAnchor resizeAnchor () const
void rotate ( qreal angle )
Qt::ItemSelectionMode rubberBandSelectionMode () const
void scale ( qreal sx, qreal sy )
QGraphicsScene * scene () const
QRectF sceneRect () const
void setAlignment ( Qt::Alignment alignment )
void setBackgroundBrush ( const QBrush & brush )
void setCacheMode ( CacheMode mode )
void setDragMode ( DragMode mode )
void setForegroundBrush ( const QBrush & brush )
void setInteractive ( bool allowed )
void setMatrix ( const QMatrix & matrix, bool combine = false )
void setOptimizationFlag ( OptimizationFlag flag, bool enabled = true )
void setOptimizationFlags ( OptimizationFlags flags )
void setRenderHint ( QPainter::RenderHint hint, bool enabled = true )
void setRenderHints ( QPainter::RenderHints hints )
void setResizeAnchor ( ViewportAnchor anchor )
void setRubberBandSelectionMode ( Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode )
void setScene ( QGraphicsScene * scene )
void setSceneRect ( const QRectF & rect )
void setSceneRect ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h )
void setTransform ( const QTransform & matrix, bool combine = false )
void setTransformationAnchor ( ViewportAnchor anchor )
void setViewportUpdateMode ( ViewportUpdateMode mode )
void shear ( qreal sh, qreal sv )
QTransform transform () const
ViewportAnchor transformationAnchor () const
void translate ( qreal dx, qreal dy )
QTransform viewportTransform () const
ViewportUpdateMode viewportUpdateMode () const

Reimplemented Public Functions

virtual QVariant inputMethodQuery ( Qt::InputMethodQuery query ) const
virtual QSize sizeHint () const

Public Slots

void invalidateScene ( const QRectF & rect = QRectF(), QGraphicsScene::SceneLayers layers = QGraphicsScene::AllLayers )
void updateScene ( const QList<QRectF> & rects )
void updateSceneRect ( const QRectF & rect )
  • 19 public slots inherited from QWidget
  • 1 public slot inherited from QObject

Protected Functions

virtual void drawBackground ( QPainter * painter, const QRectF & rect )
virtual void drawForeground ( QPainter * painter, const QRectF & rect )

Reimplemented Protected Functions

virtual void contextMenuEvent ( QContextMenuEvent * event )
virtual void dragEnterEvent ( QDragEnterEvent * event )
virtual void dragLeaveEvent ( QDragLeaveEvent * event )
virtual void dragMoveEvent ( QDragMoveEvent * event )
virtual void dropEvent ( QDropEvent * event )
virtual bool event ( QEvent * event )
virtual void focusInEvent ( QFocusEvent * event )
virtual bool focusNextPrevChild ( bool next )
virtual void focusOutEvent ( QFocusEvent * event )
virtual void inputMethodEvent ( QInputMethodEvent * event )
virtual void keyPressEvent ( QKeyEvent * event )
virtual void keyReleaseEvent ( QKeyEvent * event )
virtual void mouseDoubleClickEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mouseMoveEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mousePressEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void mouseReleaseEvent ( QMouseEvent * event )
virtual void paintEvent ( QPaintEvent * event )
virtual void resizeEvent ( QResizeEvent * event )
virtual void scrollContentsBy ( int dx, int dy )
virtual void showEvent ( QShowEvent * event )
virtual bool viewportEvent ( QEvent * event )
virtual void wheelEvent ( QWheelEvent * event )

Protected Slots

void setupViewport ( QWidget * widget )

Additional Inherited Members

  • 1 signal inherited from QWidget
  • 1 signal inherited from QObject
  • 4 static public members inherited from QWidget
  • 7 static public members inherited from QObject

Detailed Description

The QGraphicsView class provides a widget for displaying the contents of a QGraphicsScene.

QGraphicsView visualizes the contents of a QGraphicsScene in a scrollable viewport. To create a scene with geometrical items, see QGraphicsScene's documentation. QGraphicsView is part of the Graphics View Framework.

To visualize a scene, you start by constructing a QGraphicsView object, passing the address of the scene you want to visualize to QGraphicsView's constructor. Alternatively, you can call setScene() to set the scene at a later point. After you call show(), the view will by default scroll to the center of the scene and display any items that are visible at this point. For example:

 QGraphicsScene scene;
 scene.addText("Hello, world!");

 QGraphicsView view(&scene);
 view.show();

You can explicitly scroll to any position on the scene by using the scroll bars, or by calling centerOn(). By passing a point to centerOn(), QGraphicsView will scroll its viewport to ensure that the point is centered in the view. An overload is provided for scrolling to a QGraphicsItem, in which case QGraphicsView will see to that the center of the item is centered in the view. If all you want is to ensure that a certain area is visible, (but not necessarily centered,) you can call ensureVisible() instead.

QGraphicsView can be used to visualize a whole scene, or only parts of it. The visualized area is by default detected automatically when the view is displayed for the first time (by calling QGraphicsScene::itemsBoundingRect()). To set the visualized area rectangle yourself, you can call setSceneRect(). This will adjust the scroll bars' ranges appropriately. Note that although the scene supports a virtually unlimited size, the range of the scroll bars will never exceed the range of an integer (INT_MIN, INT_MAX).

QGraphicsView visualizes the scene by calling render(). By default, the items are drawn onto the viewport by using a regular QPainter, and using default render hints. To change the default render hints that QGraphicsView passes to QPainter when painting items, you can call setRenderHints().

By default, QGraphicsView provides a regular QWidget for the viewport widget. You can access this widget by calling viewport(), or you can replace it by calling setViewport(). To render using OpenGL, simply call setViewport(new QGLWidget). QGraphicsView takes ownership of the viewport widget.

QGraphicsView supports affine transformations, using QTransform. You can either pass a matrix to setTransform(), or you can call one of the convenience functions rotate(), scale(), translate() or shear(). The most two common transformations are scaling, which is used to implement zooming, and rotation. QGraphicsView keeps the center of the view fixed during a transformation. Because of the scene alignment (setAligment()), translating the view will have no visual impact.

You can interact with the items on the scene by using the mouse and keyboard. QGraphicsView translates the mouse and key events into scene events, (events that inherit QGraphicsSceneEvent,), and forward them to the visualized scene. In the end, it's the individual item that handles the events and reacts to them. For example, if you click on a selectable item, the item will typically let the scene know that it has been selected, and it will also redraw itself to display a selection rectangle. Similiary, if you click and drag the mouse to move a movable item, it's the item that handles the mouse moves and moves itself. Item interaction is enabled by default, and you can toggle it by calling setInteractive().

You can also provide your own custom scene interaction, by creating a subclass of QGraphicsView, and reimplementing the mouse and key event handlers. To simplify how you programmatically interact with items in the view, QGraphicsView provides the mapping functions mapToScene() and mapFromScene(), and the item accessors items() and itemAt(). These functions allow you to map points, rectangles, polygons and paths between view coordinates and scene coordinates, and to find items on the scene using view coordinates.

See also QGraphicsScene, QGraphicsItem, and QGraphicsSceneEvent.

Member Type Documentation

enum QGraphicsView::CacheModeFlag
flags QGraphicsView::CacheMode

This enum describes the flags that you can set for a QGraphicsView's cache mode.

ConstantValueDescription
QGraphicsView::CacheNone0x0All painting is done directly onto the viewport.
QGraphicsView::CacheBackground0x1The background is cached. This affects both custom backgrounds, and backgrounds based on the backgroundBrush property. When this flag is enabled, QGraphicsView will allocate one pixmap with the full size of the viewport.

The CacheMode type is a typedef for QFlags<CacheModeFlag>. It stores an OR combination of CacheModeFlag values.

See also cacheMode.

enum QGraphicsView::DragMode

This enum describes the default action for the view when pressing and dragging the mouse over the viewport.

ConstantValueDescription
QGraphicsView::NoDrag0Nothing happens; the mouse event is ignored.
QGraphicsView::ScrollHandDrag1The cursor changes into a pointing hand, and dragging the mouse around will scroll the scrolbars. This mode works both in interactive and non-interactive mode.
QGraphicsView::RubberBandDrag2A rubber band will appear. Dragging the mouse will set the rubber band geometry, and all items covered by the rubber band are selected. This mode is disabled for non-interactive views.

See also dragMode and QGraphicsScene::setSelectionArea().

enum QGraphicsView::OptimizationFlag
flags QGraphicsView::OptimizationFlags

This enum describes flags that you can enable to improve rendering performance in QGraphicsView. By default, none of these flags are set. Note that setting a flag usually imposes a side effect, and this effect can vary between paint devices and platforms.

ConstantValueDescription
QGraphicsView::DontClipPainter0x1This value is obsolete and has no effect.
QGraphicsView::DontSavePainterState0x2When rendering, QGraphicsView protects the painter state (see QPainter::save()) when rendering the background or foreground, and when rendering each item. This allows you to leave the painter in an altered state (i.e., you can call QPainter::setPen() or QPainter::setBrush() without restoring the state after painting). However, if the items consistently do restore the state, you should enable this flag to prevent QGraphicsView from doing the same.
QGraphicsView::DontAdjustForAntialiasing0x4Disables QGraphicsView's antialiasing auto-adjustment of exposed areas. Items that render antialiased lines on the boundaries of their QGraphicsItem::boundingRect() can end up rendering parts of the line outside. To prevent rendering artifacts, QGraphicsView expands all exposed regions by 2 pixels in all directions. If you enable this flag, QGraphicsView will no longer perform these adjustments, minimizing the areas that require redrawing, which improves performance. A common side effect is that items that do draw with antialiasing can leave painting traces behind on the scene as they are moved.
QGraphicsView::IndirectPainting0x8Since Qt 4.6, restore the old painting algorithm that calls QGraphicsView::drawItems() and QGraphicsScene::drawItems(). To be used only for compatibility with old code.

This enum was introduced or modified in Qt 4.3.

The OptimizationFlags type is a typedef for QFlags<OptimizationFlag>. It stores an OR combination of OptimizationFlag values.

enum QGraphicsView::ViewportAnchor

This enums describe the possible anchors that QGraphicsView can use when the user resizes the view or when the view is transformed.

ConstantValueDescription
QGraphicsView::NoAnchor0No anchor, i.e. the view leaves the scene's position unchanged.
QGraphicsView::AnchorViewCenter1The scene point at the center of the view is used as the anchor.
QGraphicsView::AnchorUnderMouse2The point under the mouse is used as the anchor.

See also resizeAnchor and transformationAnchor.

enum QGraphicsView::ViewportUpdateMode

This enum describes how QGraphicsView updates its viewport when the scene contents change or are exposed.

ConstantValueDescription
QGraphicsView::FullViewportUpdate0When any visible part of the scene changes or is reexposed, QGraphicsView will update the entire viewport. This approach is fastest when QGraphicsView spends more time figuring out what to draw than it would spend drawing (e.g., when very many small items are repeatedly updated). This is the preferred update mode for viewports that do not support partial updates, such as QGLWidget, and for viewports that need to disable scroll optimization.
QGraphicsView::MinimalViewportUpdate1QGraphicsView will determine the minimal viewport region that requires a redraw, minimizing the time spent drawing by avoiding a redraw of areas that have not changed. This is QGraphicsView's default mode. Although this approach provides the best performance in general, if there are many small visible changes on the scene, QGraphicsView might end up spending more time finding the minimal approach than it will spend drawing.
QGraphicsView::SmartViewportUpdate2QGraphicsView will attempt to find an optimal update mode by analyzing the areas that require a redraw.
QGraphicsView::BoundingRectViewportUpdate4The bounding rectangle of all changes in the viewport will be redrawn. This mode has the advantage that QGraphicsView searches only one region for changes, minimizing time spent determining what needs redrawing. The disadvantage is that areas that have not changed also need to be redrawn.
QGraphicsView::NoViewportUpdate3QGraphicsView will never update its viewport when the scene changes; the user is expected to control all updates. This mode disables all (potentially slow) item visibility testing in QGraphicsView, and is suitable for scenes that either require a fixed frame rate, or where the viewport is otherwise updated externally.

This enum was introduced or modified in Qt 4.3.

See also viewportUpdateMode.

Property Documentation

alignment : Qt::Alignment

This property holds the alignment of the scene in the view when the whole scene is visible.

If the whole scene is visible in the view, (i.e., there are no visible scroll bars,) the view's alignment will decide where the scene will be rendered in the view. For example, if the alignment is Qt::AlignCenter, which is default, the scene will be centered in the view, and if the alignment is (Qt::AlignLeft | Qt::AlignTop), the scene will be rendered in the top-left corner of the view.

Access functions:

Qt::Alignment alignment () const
void setAlignment ( Qt::Alignment alignment )

backgroundBrush : QBrush

This property holds the background brush of the scene.

This property sets the background brush for the scene in this view. It is used to override the scene's own background, and defines the behavior of drawBackground(). To provide custom background drawing for this view, you can reimplement drawBackground() instead.

By default, this property contains a brush with the Qt::NoBrush pattern.

Access functions:

QBrush backgroundBrush () const
void setBackgroundBrush ( const QBrush & brush )

See also QGraphicsScene::backgroundBrush and foregroundBrush.

cacheMode : CacheMode

This property holds which parts of the view are cached.

QGraphicsView can cache pre-rendered content in a QPixmap, which is then drawn onto the viewport. The purpose of such caching is to speed up the total rendering time for areas that are slow to render. Texture, gradient and alpha blended backgrounds, for example, can be notibly slow to render; especially with a transformed view. The CacheBackground flag enables caching of the view's background. For example:

 QGraphicsView view;
 view.setBackgroundBrush(QImage(":/images/backgroundtile.png"));
 view.setCacheMode(QGraphicsView::CacheBackground);

The cache is invalidated every time the view is transformed. However, when scrolling, only partial invalidation is required.

By default, nothing is cached.

Access functions:

CacheMode cacheMode () const
void setCacheMode ( CacheMode mode )

See also resetCachedContent() and QPixmapCache.

dragMode : DragMode

This property holds the behavior for dragging the mouse over the scene while the left mouse button is pressed.

This property defines what should happen when the user clicks on the scene background and drags the mouse (e.g., scrolling the viewport contents using a pointing hand cursor, or selecting multiple items with a rubber band). The default value, NoDrag, does nothing.

This behavior only affects mouse clicks that are not handled by any item. You can define a custom behavior by creating a subclass of QGraphicsView and reimplementing mouseMoveEvent().

Access functions:

DragMode dragMode () const
void setDragMode ( DragMode mode )

foregroundBrush : QBrush

This property holds the foreground brush of the scene.

This property sets the foreground brush for the scene in this view. It is used to override the scene's own foreground, and defines the behavior of drawForeground(). To provide custom foreground drawing for this view, you can reimplement drawForeground() instead.

By default, this property contains a brush with the Qt::NoBrush pattern.

Access functions:

QBrush foregroundBrush () const
void setForegroundBrush ( const QBrush & brush )

See also QGraphicsScene::foregroundBrush and backgroundBrush.

interactive : bool

This property holds whether the view allowed scene interaction.

If enabled, this view is set to allow scene interaction. Otherwise, this view will not allow interaction, and any mouse or key events are ignored (i.e., it will act as a read-only view).

By default, this property is true.

Access functions:

bool isInteractive () const
void setInteractive ( bool allowed )

optimizationFlags : OptimizationFlags

This property holds flags that can be used to tune QGraphicsView's performance.

QGraphicsView uses clipping, extra bounding rect adjustments, and certain other aids to improve rendering quality and performance for the common case graphics scene. However, depending on the target platform, the scene, and the viewport in use, some of these operations can degrade performance.

The effect varies from flag to flag; see the OptimizationFlags documentation for details.

By default, no optimization flags are enabled.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

OptimizationFlags optimizationFlags () const
void setOptimizationFlags ( OptimizationFlags flags )

See also setOptimizationFlag().

renderHints : QPainter::RenderHints

This property holds the default render hints for the view.

These hints are used to initialize QPainter before each visible item is drawn. QPainter uses render hints to toggle rendering features such as antialiasing and smooth pixmap transformation.

QPainter::TextAntialiasing is enabled by default.

Example:

 QGraphicsScene scene;
 scene.addRect(QRectF(-10, -10, 20, 20));

 QGraphicsView view(&scene);
 view.setRenderHints(QPainter::Antialiasing | QPainter::SmoothPixmapTransform);
 view.show();

Access functions:

QPainter::RenderHints renderHints () const
void setRenderHints ( QPainter::RenderHints hints )

resizeAnchor : ViewportAnchor

This property holds how the view should position the scene when the view is resized.

QGraphicsView uses this property to decide how to position the scene in the viewport when the viewport widget's size changes. The default behavior, NoAnchor, leaves the scene's position unchanged during a resize; the top-left corner of the view will appear to be anchored while resizing.

Note that the effect of this property is noticeable when only a part of the scene is visible (i.e., when there are scroll bars). Otherwise, if the whole scene fits in the view, QGraphicsScene uses the view alignment to position the scene in the view.

Access functions:

ViewportAnchor resizeAnchor () const
void setResizeAnchor ( ViewportAnchor anchor )

See also alignment, transformationAnchor, and Qt::WNorthWestGravity.

rubberBandSelectionMode : Qt::ItemSelectionMode

This property holds the behavior for selecting items with a rubber band selection rectangle.

This property defines how items are selected when using the RubberBandDrag drag mode.

The default value is Qt::IntersectsItemShape; all items whose shape intersects with or is contained by the rubber band are selected.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

Qt::ItemSelectionMode rubberBandSelectionMode () const
void setRubberBandSelectionMode ( Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode )

See also dragMode and items().

sceneRect : QRectF

This property holds the area of the scene visualized by this view.

The scene rectangle defines the extent of the scene, and in the view's case, this means the area of the scene that you can navigate using the scroll bars.

If unset, or if a null QRectF is set, this property has the same value as QGraphicsScene::sceneRect, and it changes with QGraphicsScene::sceneRect. Otherwise, the view's scene rect is unaffected by the scene.

Note that, although the scene supports a virtually unlimited size, the range of the scroll bars will never exceed the range of an integer (INT_MIN, INT_MAX). When the scene is larger than the scroll bars' values, you can choose to use translate() to navigate the scene instead.

By default, this property contains a rectangle at the origin with zero width and height.

Access functions:

QRectF sceneRect () const
void setSceneRect ( const QRectF & rect )
void setSceneRect ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h )

See also QGraphicsScene::sceneRect.

transformationAnchor : ViewportAnchor

This property holds how the view should position the scene during transformations.

QGraphicsView uses this property to decide how to position the scene in the viewport when the transformation matrix changes, and the coordinate system of the view is transformed. The default behavior, AnchorViewCenter, ensures that the scene point at the center of the view remains unchanged during transformations (e.g., when rotating, the scene will appear to rotate around the center of the view).

Note that the effect of this property is noticeable when only a part of the scene is visible (i.e., when there are scroll bars). Otherwise, if the whole scene fits in the view, QGraphicsScene uses the view alignment to position the scene in the view.

Access functions:

ViewportAnchor transformationAnchor () const
void setTransformationAnchor ( ViewportAnchor anchor )

See also alignment and resizeAnchor.

viewportUpdateMode : ViewportUpdateMode

This property holds how the viewport should update its contents.

QGraphicsView uses this property to decide how to update areas of the scene that have been reexposed or changed. Usually you do not need to modify this property, but there are some cases where doing so can improve rendering performance. See the ViewportUpdateMode documentation for specific details.

The default value is MinimalViewportUpdate, where QGraphicsView will update as small an area of the viewport as possible when the contents change.

This property was introduced in Qt 4.3.

Access functions:

ViewportUpdateMode viewportUpdateMode () const
void setViewportUpdateMode ( ViewportUpdateMode mode )

See also ViewportUpdateMode and cacheMode.

Member Function Documentation

QGraphicsView::QGraphicsView ( QWidget * parent = 0 )

Constructs a QGraphicsView. parent is passed to QWidget's constructor.

QGraphicsView::QGraphicsView ( QGraphicsScene * scene, QWidget * parent = 0 )

Constructs a QGraphicsView and sets the visualized scene to scene. parent is passed to QWidget's constructor.

QGraphicsView::~QGraphicsView ()

Destructs the QGraphicsView object.

void QGraphicsView::centerOn ( const QPointF & pos )

Scrolls the contents of the viewport to ensure that the scene coordinate pos, is centered in the view.

Because pos is a floating point coordinate, and the scroll bars operate on integer coordinates, the centering is only an approximation.

Note: If the item is close to or outside the border, it will be visible in the view, but not centered.

See also ensureVisible().

void QGraphicsView::centerOn ( qreal x, qreal y )

This is an overloaded function.

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling centerOn(QPointF(x, y)).

void QGraphicsView::centerOn ( const QGraphicsItem * item )

This is an overloaded function.

Scrolls the contents of the viewport to ensure that item is centered in the view.

See also ensureVisible().

void QGraphicsView::contextMenuEvent ( QContextMenuEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::contextMenuEvent().

void QGraphicsView::dragEnterEvent ( QDragEnterEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::dragEnterEvent().

void QGraphicsView::dragLeaveEvent ( QDragLeaveEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::dragLeaveEvent().

void QGraphicsView::dragMoveEvent ( QDragMoveEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::dragMoveEvent().

void QGraphicsView::drawBackground ( QPainter * painter, const QRectF & rect ) [virtual protected]

Draws the background of the scene using painter, before any items and the foreground are drawn. Reimplement this function to provide a custom background for this view.

If all you want is to define a color, texture or gradient for the background, you can call setBackgroundBrush() instead.

All painting is done in scene coordinates. rect is the exposed rectangle.

The default implementation fills rect using the view's backgroundBrush. If no such brush is defined (the default), the scene's drawBackground() function is called instead.

See also drawForeground() and QGraphicsScene::drawBackground().

void QGraphicsView::drawForeground ( QPainter * painter, const QRectF & rect ) [virtual protected]

Draws the foreground of the scene using painter, after the background and all items are drawn. Reimplement this function to provide a custom foreground for this view.

If all you want is to define a color, texture or gradient for the foreground, you can call setForegroundBrush() instead.

All painting is done in scene coordinates. rect is the exposed rectangle.

The default implementation fills rect using the view's foregroundBrush. If no such brush is defined (the default), the scene's drawForeground() function is called instead.

See also drawBackground() and QGraphicsScene::drawForeground().

void QGraphicsView::dropEvent ( QDropEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::dropEvent().

void QGraphicsView::ensureVisible ( const QRectF & rect, int xmargin = 50, int ymargin = 50 )

Scrolls the contents of the viewport so that the scene rectangle rect is visible, with margins specified in pixels by xmargin and ymargin. If the specified rect cannot be reached, the contents are scrolled to the nearest valid position. The default value for both margins is 50 pixels.

See also centerOn().

void QGraphicsView::ensureVisible ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h, int xmargin = 50, int ymargin = 50 )

This is an overloaded function.

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling ensureVisible(QRectF(x, y, w, h), xmargin, ymargin).

void QGraphicsView::ensureVisible ( const QGraphicsItem * item, int xmargin = 50, int ymargin = 50 )

This is an overloaded function.

Scrolls the contents of the viewport so that the center of item item is visible, with margins specified in pixels by xmargin and ymargin. If the specified point cannot be reached, the contents are scrolled to the nearest valid position. The default value for both margins is 50 pixels.

See also centerOn().

bool QGraphicsView::event ( QEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QObject::event().

void QGraphicsView::fitInView ( const QRectF & rect, Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::IgnoreAspectRatio )

Scales the view matrix and scrolls the scroll bars to ensure that the scene rectangle rect fits inside the viewport. rect must be inside the scene rect; otherwise, fitInView() cannot guarantee that the whole rect is visible.

This function keeps the view's rotation, translation, or shear. The view is scaled according to aspectRatioMode. rect will be centered in the view if it does not fit tightly.

It's common to call fitInView() from inside a reimplementation of resizeEvent(), to ensure that the whole scene, or parts of the scene, scales automatically to fit the new size of the viewport as the view is resized. Note though, that calling fitInView() from inside resizeEvent() can lead to unwanted resize recursion, if the new transformation toggles the automatic state of the scrollbars. You can toggle the scrollbar policies to always on or always off to prevent this (see horizontalScrollBarPolicy() and verticalScrollBarPolicy()).

If rect is empty, or if the viewport is too small, this function will do nothing.

See also setTransform(), ensureVisible(), and centerOn().

void QGraphicsView::fitInView ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h, Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::IgnoreAspectRatio )

This is an overloaded function.

This convenience function is equivalent to calling fitInView(QRectF(x, y, w, h), aspectRatioMode).

See also ensureVisible() and centerOn().

void QGraphicsView::fitInView ( const QGraphicsItem * item, Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::IgnoreAspectRatio )

This is an overloaded function.

Ensures that item fits tightly inside the view, scaling the view according to aspectRatioMode.

See also ensureVisible() and centerOn().

void QGraphicsView::focusInEvent ( QFocusEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::focusInEvent().

bool QGraphicsView::focusNextPrevChild ( bool next ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::focusNextPrevChild().

void QGraphicsView::focusOutEvent ( QFocusEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::focusOutEvent().

void QGraphicsView::inputMethodEvent ( QInputMethodEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::inputMethodEvent().

QVariant QGraphicsView::inputMethodQuery ( Qt::InputMethodQuery query ) const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QWidget::inputMethodQuery().

void QGraphicsView::invalidateScene ( const QRectF & rect = QRectF(), QGraphicsScene::SceneLayers layers = QGraphicsScene::AllLayers ) [slot]

Invalidates and schedules a redraw of layers inside rect. rect is in scene coordinates. Any cached content for layers inside rect is unconditionally invalidated and redrawn.

You can call this function to notify QGraphicsView of changes to the background or the foreground of the scene. It is commonly used for scenes with tile-based backgrounds to notify changes when QGraphicsView has enabled background caching.

Note that QGraphicsView currently supports background caching only (see QGraphicsView::CacheBackground). This function is equivalent to calling update() if any layer but QGraphicsScene::BackgroundLayer is passed.

See also QGraphicsScene::invalidate() and update().

bool QGraphicsView::isTransformed () const

Returns true if the view is transformed (i.e., a non-identity transform has been assigned, or the scrollbars are adjusted).

This function was introduced in Qt 4.6.

See also setTransform(), horizontalScrollBar(), and verticalScrollBar().

QGraphicsItem * QGraphicsView::itemAt ( const QPoint & pos ) const

Returns the item at position pos, which is in viewport coordinates. If there are several items at this position, this function returns the topmost item.

Example:

 void CustomView::mousePressEvent(QMouseEvent *event)
 {
     if (QGraphicsItem *item = itemAt(event->pos())) {
         qDebug() << "You clicked on item" << item;
     } else {
         qDebug() << "You didn't click on an item.";
     }
 }

See also items() and Sorting.

QGraphicsItem * QGraphicsView::itemAt ( int x, int y ) const

This is an overloaded function.

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling itemAt(QPoint(x, y)).

QList<QGraphicsItem *> QGraphicsView::items () const

Returns a list of all the items in the associated scene, in descending stacking order (i.e., the first item in the returned list is the uppermost item).

See also QGraphicsScene::items() and Sorting.

QList<QGraphicsItem *> QGraphicsView::items ( const QPoint & pos ) const

Returns a list of all the items at the position pos in the view. The items are listed in descending stacking order (i.e., the first item in the list is the uppermost item, and the last item is the lowermost item). pos is in viewport coordinates.

This function is most commonly called from within mouse event handlers in a subclass in QGraphicsView. pos is in untransformed viewport coordinates, just like QMouseEvent::pos().

 void CustomView::mousePressEvent(QMouseEvent *event)
 {
     qDebug() << "There are" << items(event->pos()).size()
              << "items at position" << mapToScene(event->pos());
 }

See also QGraphicsScene::items() and Sorting.

QList<QGraphicsItem *> QGraphicsView::items ( int x, int y ) const

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling items(QPoint(x, y)).

QList<QGraphicsItem *> QGraphicsView::items ( int x, int y, int w, int h, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const

This convenience function is equivalent to calling items(QRectF(x, y, w, h), mode).

This function was introduced in Qt 4.3.

QList<QGraphicsItem *> QGraphicsView::items ( const QRect & rect, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const

This is an overloaded function.

Returns a list of all the items that, depending on mode, are either contained by or intersect with rect. rect is in viewport coordinates.

The default value for mode is Qt::IntersectsItemShape; all items whose exact shape intersects with or is contained by rect are returned.

The items are sorted in descending stacking order (i.e., the first item in the returned list is the uppermost item).

See also itemAt(), items(), mapToScene(), and Sorting.

QList<QGraphicsItem *> QGraphicsView::items ( const QPolygon & polygon, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const

This is an overloaded function.

Returns a list of all the items that, depending on mode, are either contained by or intersect with polygon. polygon is in viewport coordinates.

The default value for mode is Qt::IntersectsItemShape; all items whose exact shape intersects with or is contained by polygon are returned.

The items are sorted by descending stacking order (i.e., the first item in the returned list is the uppermost item).

See also itemAt(), items(), mapToScene(), and Sorting.

QList<QGraphicsItem *> QGraphicsView::items ( const QPainterPath & path, Qt::ItemSelectionMode mode = Qt::IntersectsItemShape ) const

This is an overloaded function.

Returns a list of all the items that, depending on mode, are either contained by or intersect with path. path is in viewport coordinates.

The default value for mode is Qt::IntersectsItemShape; all items whose exact shape intersects with or is contained by path are returned.

See also itemAt(), items(), mapToScene(), and Sorting.

void QGraphicsView::keyPressEvent ( QKeyEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::keyPressEvent().

void QGraphicsView::keyReleaseEvent ( QKeyEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::keyReleaseEvent().

QPoint QGraphicsView::mapFromScene ( const QPointF & point ) const

Returns the scene coordinate point to viewport coordinates.

See also mapToScene().

QPolygon QGraphicsView::mapFromScene ( const QRectF & rect ) const

Returns the scene rectangle rect to a viewport coordinate polygon.

See also mapToScene().

QPolygon QGraphicsView::mapFromScene ( const QPolygonF & polygon ) const

Returns the scene coordinate polygon polygon to a viewport coordinate polygon.

See also mapToScene().

QPainterPath QGraphicsView::mapFromScene ( const QPainterPath & path ) const

Returns the scene coordinate painter path path to a viewport coordinate painter path.

See also mapToScene().

QPoint QGraphicsView::mapFromScene ( qreal x, qreal y ) const

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling mapFromScene(QPointF(x, y)).

QPolygon QGraphicsView::mapFromScene ( qreal x, qreal y, qreal w, qreal h ) const

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling mapFromScene(QRectF(x, y, w, h)).

QPointF QGraphicsView::mapToScene ( const QPoint & point ) const

Returns the viewport coordinate point mapped to scene coordinates.

Note: It can be useful to map the whole rectangle covered by the pixel at point instead of the point itself. To do this, you can call mapToScene(QRect(point, QSize(2, 2))).

See also mapFromScene().

QPolygonF QGraphicsView::mapToScene ( const QRect & rect ) const

Returns the viewport rectangle rect mapped to a scene coordinate polygon.

See also mapFromScene().

QPolygonF QGraphicsView::mapToScene ( const QPolygon & polygon ) const

Returns the viewport polygon polygon mapped to a scene coordinate polygon.

See also mapFromScene().

QPainterPath QGraphicsView::mapToScene ( const QPainterPath & path ) const

Returns the viewport painter path path mapped to a scene coordinate painter path.

See also mapFromScene().

QPointF QGraphicsView::mapToScene ( int x, int y ) const

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling mapToScene(QPoint(x, y)).

QPolygonF QGraphicsView::mapToScene ( int x, int y, int w, int h ) const

This function is provided for convenience. It's equivalent to calling mapToScene(QRect(x, y, w, h)).

QMatrix QGraphicsView::matrix () const

Returns the current transformation matrix for the view. If no current transformation is set, the identity matrix is returned.

See also setMatrix(), transform(), rotate(), scale(), shear(), and translate().

void QGraphicsView::mouseDoubleClickEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseDoubleClickEvent().

void QGraphicsView::mouseMoveEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseMoveEvent().

void QGraphicsView::mousePressEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mousePressEvent().

void QGraphicsView::mouseReleaseEvent ( QMouseEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::mouseReleaseEvent().

void QGraphicsView::paintEvent ( QPaintEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::paintEvent().

void QGraphicsView::render ( QPainter * painter, const QRectF & target = QRectF(), const QRect & source = QRect(), Qt::AspectRatioMode aspectRatioMode = Qt::KeepAspectRatio )

Renders the source rect, which is in view coordinates, from the scene into target, which is in paint device coordinates, using painter. This function is useful for capturing the contents of the view onto a paint device, such as a QImage (e.g., to take a screenshot), or for printing to QPrinter. For example:

 QGraphicsScene scene;
 scene.addItem(...
 ...

 QGraphicsView view(&scene);
 view.show();
 ...

 QPrinter printer(QPrinter::HighResolution);
 printer.setPageSize(QPrinter::A4);
 QPainter painter(&printer);

 // print, fitting the viewport contents into a full page
 view.render(&painter);

 // print the upper half of the viewport into the lower.
 // half of the page.
 QRect viewport = view.viewport()->rect();
 view.render(&painter,
             QRectF(0, printer.height() / 2,
                    printer.width(), printer.height() / 2),
             viewport.adjusted(0, 0, 0, -viewport.height() / 2));

If source is a null rect, this function will use viewport()->rect() to determine what to draw. If target is a null rect, the full dimensions of painter's paint device (e.g., for a QPrinter, the page size) will be used.

The source rect contents will be transformed according to aspectRatioMode to fit into the target rect. By default, the aspect ratio is kept, and source is scaled to fit in target.

See also QGraphicsScene::render().

void QGraphicsView::resetCachedContent ()

Resets any cached content. Calling this function will clear QGraphicsView's cache. If the current cache mode is CacheNone, this function does nothing.

This function is called automatically for you when the backgroundBrush or QGraphicsScene::backgroundBrush properties change; you only need to call this function if you have reimplemented QGraphicsScene::drawBackground() or QGraphicsView::drawBackground() to draw a custom background, and need to trigger a full redraw.

See also cacheMode().

void QGraphicsView::resetMatrix ()

Resets the view transformation matrix to the identity matrix.

See also resetTransform().

void QGraphicsView::resetTransform ()

Resets the view transformation to the identity matrix.

See also transform() and setTransform().

void QGraphicsView::resizeEvent ( QResizeEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::resizeEvent().

void QGraphicsView::rotate ( qreal angle )

Rotates the current view transformation angle degrees clockwise.

See also setTransform(), transform(), scale(), shear(), and translate().

void QGraphicsView::scale ( qreal sx, qreal sy )

Scales the current view transformation by (sx, sy).

See also setTransform(), transform(), rotate(), shear(), and translate().

QGraphicsScene * QGraphicsView::scene () const

Returns a pointer to the scene that is currently visualized in the view. If no scene is currently visualized, 0 is returned.

See also setScene().

void QGraphicsView::scrollContentsBy ( int dx, int dy ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractScrollArea::scrollContentsBy().

void QGraphicsView::setMatrix ( const QMatrix & matrix, bool combine = false )

Sets the view's current transformation matrix to matrix.

If combine is true, then matrix is combined with the current matrix; otherwise, matrix replaces the current matrix. combine is false by default.

The transformation matrix tranforms the scene into view coordinates. Using the default transformation, provided by the identity matrix, one pixel in the view represents one unit in the scene (e.g., a 10x10 rectangular item is drawn using 10x10 pixels in the view). If a 2x2 scaling matrix is applied, the scene will be drawn in 1:2 (e.g., a 10x10 rectangular item is then drawn using 20x20 pixels in the view).

Example:

 QGraphicsScene scene;
 scene.addText("GraphicsView rotated clockwise");

 QGraphicsView view(&scene);
 view.rotate(90); // the text is rendered with a 90 degree clockwise rotation
 view.show();

To simplify interation with items using a transformed view, QGraphicsView provides mapTo... and mapFrom... functions that can translate between scene and view coordinates. For example, you can call mapToScene() to map a view coordinate to a floating point scene coordinate, or mapFromScene() to map from floating point scene coordinates to view coordinates.

See also matrix(), setTransform(), rotate(), scale(), shear(), and translate().

void QGraphicsView::setOptimizationFlag ( OptimizationFlag flag, bool enabled = true )

Enables flag if enabled is true; otherwise disables flag.

See also optimizationFlags.

void QGraphicsView::setRenderHint ( QPainter::RenderHint hint, bool enabled = true )

If enabled is true, the render hint hint is enabled; otherwise it is disabled.

See also renderHints.

void QGraphicsView::setScene ( QGraphicsScene * scene )

Sets the current scene to scene. If scene is already being viewed, this function does nothing.

When a scene is set on a view, the QGraphicsScene::changed() signal is automatically connected to this view's updateScene() slot, and the view's scroll bars are adjusted to fit the size of the scene.

See also scene().

void QGraphicsView::setTransform ( const QTransform & matrix, bool combine = false )

Sets the view's current transformation matrix to matrix.

If combine is true, then matrix is combined with the current matrix; otherwise, matrix replaces the current matrix. combine is false by default.

The transformation matrix tranforms the scene into view coordinates. Using the default transformation, provided by the identity matrix, one pixel in the view represents one unit in the scene (e.g., a 10x10 rectangular item is drawn using 10x10 pixels in the view). If a 2x2 scaling matrix is applied, the scene will be drawn in 1:2 (e.g., a 10x10 rectangular item is then drawn using 20x20 pixels in the view).

Example:

 QGraphicsScene scene;
 scene.addText("GraphicsView rotated clockwise");

 QGraphicsView view(&scene);
 view.rotate(90); // the text is rendered with a 90 degree clockwise rotation
 view.show();

To simplify interation with items using a transformed view, QGraphicsView provides mapTo... and mapFrom... functions that can translate between scene and view coordinates. For example, you can call mapToScene() to map a view coordiate to a floating point scene coordinate, or mapFromScene() to map from floating point scene coordinates to view coordinates.

See also transform(), rotate(), scale(), shear(), and translate().

void QGraphicsView::setupViewport ( QWidget * widget ) [protected slot]

This slot is called by QAbstractScrollArea after setViewport() has been called. Reimplement this function in a subclass of QGraphicsView to initialize the new viewport widget before it is used.

See also setViewport().

void QGraphicsView::shear ( qreal sh, qreal sv )

Shears the current view transformation by (sh, sv).

See also setTransform(), transform(), rotate(), scale(), and translate().

void QGraphicsView::showEvent ( QShowEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::showEvent().

QSize QGraphicsView::sizeHint () const [virtual]

Reimplemented from QWidget::sizeHint().

QTransform QGraphicsView::transform () const

Returns the current transformation matrix for the view. If no current transformation is set, the identity matrix is returned.

See also setTransform(), rotate(), scale(), shear(), and translate().

void QGraphicsView::translate ( qreal dx, qreal dy )

Translates the current view transformation by (dx, dy).

See also setTransform(), transform(), rotate(), and shear().

void QGraphicsView::updateScene ( const QList<QRectF> & rects ) [slot]

Schedules an update of the scene rectangles rects.

See also QGraphicsScene::changed().

void QGraphicsView::updateSceneRect ( const QRectF & rect ) [slot]

Notifies QGraphicsView that the scene's scene rect has changed. rect is the new scene rect. If the view already has an explicitly set scene rect, this function does nothing.

See also sceneRect and QGraphicsScene::sceneRectChanged().

bool QGraphicsView::viewportEvent ( QEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QAbstractScrollArea::viewportEvent().

QTransform QGraphicsView::viewportTransform () const

Returns a matrix that maps viewport coordinates to scene coordinates.

See also mapToScene() and mapFromScene().

void QGraphicsView::wheelEvent ( QWheelEvent * event ) [virtual protected]

Reimplemented from QWidget::wheelEvent().

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Coverage: Qt 4.8

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1 note

if translate() doesn't work

It seems like, that the translate function doesn’t work fine. If you need it, I found a solution in a qt board, where you have to set the value of the two scrollbars:

  1.     QScrollBar* myVScrollbar;
  2.     myVScrollbar = myView->verticalScrollBar();
  3.     myVScrollbar->setValue(myVScrollbar->value() + offsetValue);
  4.      
  5.     QScrollBar* myHScrollbar;
  6.     myHScrollbar = myView->horizontalScrollBar();
  7.     myHScrollbar->setValue(myHScrollbar->value() + offsetValue);

This works even if the scrollbars are turned off.

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